Antitumor Activity of Quinazolinone Alkaloids Inspired by Marine Natural Products
AbstractMany fungal quinazolinone metabolites, which contain the methyl-indole pyrazino [1,2-b]quinazoline-3,6-dione core, have been found to possess promising antitumor activity. The purpose of this work was to synthesize the enantiomeric pairs of two members of this quinazolinone family, to explore their potential as antitumor and their ability to revert multidrug resistance. The marine natural product fiscalin B (4c), and antienantiomers (4b, 5b, and 5c) were synthesized via a one-pot approach, while the syn enantiomers (4a, 4d, 5a, and 5d) were synthetized by a multi-step procedure. These strategies used anthranilic acid (i), chiral N-protected α-amino acids (ii), and tryptophan methyl esters (iii) to form the core ring of pyrazino[2,1-b]quinazoline-3,6-dione scaffold. Four enantiomeric pairs, with different enantiomeric purities, were obtained with overall yields ranging from 7 to 40%. Compounds 4a–d and 5a–d were evaluated for their growth inhibitory effect against two tumor cell lines. Differences between enantiomeric pairs were noted and 5a–d displayed GI50 values ranging from 31 to 52 μM, which are lower than those of 4a–d. Nevertheless, no effect on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) modulation was observed for all compounds. This study disclosed new data for fiscalin B (4c), as well as for its analogues for a future development of novel anticancer drug leads. View Full-Text
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Long, S.; Resende, D.I.S.P.; Kijjoa, A.; Silva, A.M.S.; Pina, A.; Fernández-Marcelo, T.; Vasconcelos, M.H.; Sousa, E.; Pinto, M.M.M. Antitumor Activity of Quinazolinone Alkaloids Inspired by Marine Natural Products. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 261.
Long S, Resende DISP, Kijjoa A, Silva AMS, Pina A, Fernández-Marcelo T, Vasconcelos MH, Sousa E, Pinto MMM. Antitumor Activity of Quinazolinone Alkaloids Inspired by Marine Natural Products. Marine Drugs. 2018; 16(8):261.Chicago/Turabian Style
Long, Solida; Resende, Diana I.S.P.; Kijjoa, Anake; Silva, Artur M.S.; Pina, André; Fernández-Marcelo, Tamara; Vasconcelos, M. H.; Sousa, Emília; Pinto, Madalena M.M. 2018. "Antitumor Activity of Quinazolinone Alkaloids Inspired by Marine Natural Products." Mar. Drugs 16, no. 8: 261.
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