A Low Molecular Weight Protein from the Sea Anemone Anemonia viridis with an Anti-Angiogenic Activity
AbstractSea anemones are a remarkable source of active principles due to a decentralized venom system. New blood vessel growth or angiogenesis is a very promising target against cancer, but the few available antiangiogenic compounds have limited efficacy. In this study, a protein fraction, purified from tentacles of Anemonia viridis, was able to limit endothelial cells proliferation and angiogenesis at low concentration (14 nM). Protein sequences were determined with Edman degradation and mass spectrometry in source decay and revealed homologies with Blood Depressing Substance (BDS) sea anemones. The presence of a two-turn alpha helix observed with circular dichroism and a trypsin activity inhibition suggested that the active principle could be a Kunitz-type inhibitor, which may interact with an integrin due to an Arginine Glycin Aspartate (RGD) motif. Molecular modeling showed that this RGD motif was well exposed to solvent. This active principle could improve antiangiogenic therapy from existing antiangiogenic compounds binding on the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF). View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 500 KB)
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.
Share & Cite This Article
Loret, E.P.; Luis, J.; Nuccio, C.; Villard, C.; Mansuelle, P.; Lebrun, R.; Villard, P.H. A Low Molecular Weight Protein from the Sea Anemone Anemonia viridis with an Anti-Angiogenic Activity. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 134.
Loret EP, Luis J, Nuccio C, Villard C, Mansuelle P, Lebrun R, Villard PH. A Low Molecular Weight Protein from the Sea Anemone Anemonia viridis with an Anti-Angiogenic Activity. Marine Drugs. 2018; 16(4):134.Chicago/Turabian Style
Loret, Erwann P.; Luis, José; Nuccio, Christopher; Villard, Claude; Mansuelle, Pascal; Lebrun, Régine; Villard, Pierre H. 2018. "A Low Molecular Weight Protein from the Sea Anemone Anemonia viridis with an Anti-Angiogenic Activity." Mar. Drugs 16, no. 4: 134.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.