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Article

Flame-Made La2O3-Based Nanocomposite CO2 Sensors as Perspective Part of GHG Monitoring System

1
Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
2
Russian Energy Agency, Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation, 129085 Moscow, Russia
3
Scientific-Manufacturing Complex Technological Centre, 124498 Moscow, Russia
4
A.V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonios Kelarakis
Sensors 2021, 21(21), 7297; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21217297
Received: 2 October 2021 / Revised: 28 October 2021 / Accepted: 30 October 2021 / Published: 2 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gas Sensors Based on Semiconductor Materials)
Continuous monitoring of greenhouse gases with high spatio-temporal resolution has lately become an urgent task because of tightening environmental restrictions. It may be addressed with an economically efficient solution, based on semiconductor metal oxide gas sensors. In the present work, CO2 detection in the relevant concentration range and ambient conditions was successfully effectuated by fine-particulate La2O3-based materials. Flame spray pyrolysis technique was used for the synthesis of sensitive materials, which were studied with X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTs) and low temperature nitrogen adsorption coupled with Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) effective surface area calculation methodology. The obtained materials represent a composite of lanthanum oxide, hydroxide and carbonate phases. The positive correlation has been established between the carbonate content in the as prepared materials and their sensor response towards CO2. Small dimensional planar MEMS micro-hotplates with low energy consumption were used for gas sensor fabrication through inkjet printing. The sensors showed highly selective CO2 detection in the range of 200–6667 ppm in humid air compared with pollutant gases (H2 50 ppm, CH4 100 ppm, NO2 1 ppm, NO 1 ppm, NH3 20 ppm, H2S 1 ppm, SO2 1 ppm), typical for the atmospheric air of urbanized and industrial area. View Full-Text
Keywords: greenhouse gases; CO2; gas sensor; semiconductor; lanthanum oxide; nanocomposite greenhouse gases; CO2; gas sensor; semiconductor; lanthanum oxide; nanocomposite
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MDPI and ACS Style

Andreev, M.; Platonov, V.; Filatova, D.; Galitskaya, E.; Polomoshnov, S.; Generalov, S.; Nikolaeva, A.; Amelichev, V.; Zhdaneev, O.; Krivetskiy, V.; Rumyantseva, M. Flame-Made La2O3-Based Nanocomposite CO2 Sensors as Perspective Part of GHG Monitoring System. Sensors 2021, 21, 7297. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21217297

AMA Style

Andreev M, Platonov V, Filatova D, Galitskaya E, Polomoshnov S, Generalov S, Nikolaeva A, Amelichev V, Zhdaneev O, Krivetskiy V, Rumyantseva M. Flame-Made La2O3-Based Nanocomposite CO2 Sensors as Perspective Part of GHG Monitoring System. Sensors. 2021; 21(21):7297. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21217297

Chicago/Turabian Style

Andreev, Matvey, Vadim Platonov, Darya Filatova, Elena Galitskaya, Sergey Polomoshnov, Sergey Generalov, Anastasiya Nikolaeva, Vladimir Amelichev, Oleg Zhdaneev, Valeriy Krivetskiy, and Marina Rumyantseva. 2021. "Flame-Made La2O3-Based Nanocomposite CO2 Sensors as Perspective Part of GHG Monitoring System" Sensors 21, no. 21: 7297. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21217297

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