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Article

Development of a Smart Leg Splint by Using New Sensor Technologies and New Therapy Possibilities

1
Campus Miguel de Unamuno, Universidad de Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
2
ETSIDI-Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica, Química y Diseño Industrial, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Ronda de Valencia 3, 28012 Madrid, Spain
3
Departamento de Fisioterapía de la, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gregory P. Nordin
Sensors 2021, 21(15), 5252; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21155252
Received: 13 June 2021 / Revised: 29 July 2021 / Accepted: 31 July 2021 / Published: 3 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Sensors in Biomechanics, Health Disease and Rehabilitation)
Nowadays, after suffering a fracture in an upper or lower limb, a plaster cast is placed on the affected limb. It is a very old and efficient technique for recovery from an injury that has not had significant changes since its origin. This project aims to develop a new low-cost smart 3D printed splint concept by using new sensing techniques. Two rapidly evolving Advanced Manufacturing (AM) technologies will be used: 3D scanning and 3D printing, thus combining engineering, medicine and materials evolution. The splint will include new small and lightweight sensors to detect any problem during the treatment process. Previous studies have already incorporated this kind of sensor for medical purposes. However, in this study it is implemented with a new concept: the possibility of applying treatments during the immobilization process and obtaining information from the sensors to modify the treatment. Due to this, rehabilitation treatments like infrared, ultrasounds or electroshock may be applied during the treatment, and the sensors (as it is showed in the study) will be able to detect changes during the rehabilitation process. Data of the pressure, temperature, humidity and colour of the skin will be collected in real time and sent to a mobile device so that they can be consulted remotely by a specialist. Moreover, it would be possible to include these data into the Internet of Things movement. This way, all the collected data might be compared and studied in order to find the best treatment for each kind of injury. It will be necessary to use a biocompatible material, submersible and suitable for contact with skin. These materials make it necessary to control the conditions in which the splint is produced, to assure that the properties are maintained. This development, makes it possible to design a new methodology that will help to provide faster and easier treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart splint; rehabilitation therapy; IoT; AM technique; customized medicine; health monitoring smart splint; rehabilitation therapy; IoT; AM technique; customized medicine; health monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

De Agustín Del Burgo, J.M.; Blaya Haro, F.; D’Amato, R.; Blaya, A.; Juanes Méndez, J.A. Development of a Smart Leg Splint by Using New Sensor Technologies and New Therapy Possibilities. Sensors 2021, 21, 5252. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21155252

AMA Style

De Agustín Del Burgo JM, Blaya Haro F, D’Amato R, Blaya A, Juanes Méndez JA. Development of a Smart Leg Splint by Using New Sensor Technologies and New Therapy Possibilities. Sensors. 2021; 21(15):5252. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21155252

Chicago/Turabian Style

De Agustín Del Burgo, José M., Fernando Blaya Haro, Roberto D’Amato, Alonso Blaya, and Juan A. Juanes Méndez. 2021. "Development of a Smart Leg Splint by Using New Sensor Technologies and New Therapy Possibilities" Sensors 21, no. 15: 5252. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21155252

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