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Sensors 2019, 19(8), 1748; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19081748

Online Monitoring of Moisture Diffusion in Carbon Fiber Composites Using Miniaturized Flexible Material Integrated Sensors

1
University Bremen, Institute for Microsensors, -actuators and -systems (IMSAS), Otto-Hahn-Allee 1, 28215 Bremen, Germany
2
Faserinstitut Bremen e.V., Am Biologischen Garten 2, 28359 Bremen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 March 2019 / Revised: 8 April 2019 / Accepted: 10 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
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Abstract

Moisture diffusion in carbon fiber composites changes the mechanical properties of the composite. Therefore, a monitoring method of the actual content of moisture in the composite is important. However, at the moment there are no online methods established. A common method is the measurement of the mass changes due to water uptake. This method is not suitable for online monitoring of a real composite part in service. We demonstrate that miniaturized flexible interdigital sensors are suitable for moisture measurement inside the carbon fiber composite. These sensors are directly integrated inside the composite. It was already demonstrated that these can be successfully used for resin-curing monitoring as a primary application. Here we demonstrate that the same sensors are also suitable for moisture measurement inside the material. In order to do so, we expose samples with and without integrated sensors to hot-wet conditions and measure the dielectric changes with the sensors and the mass gain. The moisture concentration and the measured admittance can be directly correlated to each other. This demonstrates that the sensors can be used for moisture measurement as a secondary application. In addition, it is shown that the sensors have the potential to measure the moisture locally inside the material. View Full-Text
Keywords: Moisture diffusion; CFRP; interdigital miniaturized sensor Moisture diffusion; CFRP; interdigital miniaturized sensor
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Hübner, M.; Lepke, D.; Hardi, E.; Koerdt, M.; Herrmann, A.S.; Lang, W. Online Monitoring of Moisture Diffusion in Carbon Fiber Composites Using Miniaturized Flexible Material Integrated Sensors. Sensors 2019, 19, 1748.

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