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Sensors 2018, 18(9), 2928; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18092928

A Broadband Beamformer Suitable for UUV to Detect the Tones Radiated from Marine Vessels

1,2,3
,
1,2,3
,
1,2,3,* and 1,2,3
1
Acoustic Science and Technology Laboratory, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
2
College of Underwater Acoustic Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
3
Key Laboratory of Marine Information Acquisition and Security (Harbin Engineering University), Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Harbin 150001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 August 2018 / Revised: 26 August 2018 / Accepted: 31 August 2018 / Published: 3 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Underwater Sensing, Communication, Networking and Systems)
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Abstract

In this paper, the issue that the underwater unmanned vehicle (UUV) with a sonar array achieves the passive detection of vessel targets by detecting the tones radiated from the targets is considered. The multi-beam low-frequency analysis and recording method is widely applied in a manned sonar system. The sonar operator provides an auxiliary decision to extract the target tones from the multiple beams output. However, the complexity of the multi-dimensional information fusion makes it difficult to apply the multi-beam processing in the unmanned sonar system. Aiming at this problem, we introduce the self-adjusting characteristics of adaptive line enhancer to a time domain broadband beamformer and then propose a self-steering broadband beamformer. The proposed beamformer can adaptively steer the main beam to the direction-of-arrival (DOA) of the tonal target. There is no need to pre-form the multiple beams. The complexity of the UUV-based tone detection is reduced. Theoretical derivation and simulation experiments verify that the main beam of the proposed beamformer can track the DOA of tonal target which is rapidly changing. Meanwhile, the tonal interferences as well as the wide-band noise are well suppressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: broadband beamformer; underwater unmanned vehicle (UUV); tone detection broadband beamformer; underwater unmanned vehicle (UUV); tone detection
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Ma, S.; Wang, Y.; Zou, N.; Liang, G. A Broadband Beamformer Suitable for UUV to Detect the Tones Radiated from Marine Vessels. Sensors 2018, 18, 2928.

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