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Sensors 2018, 18(9), 2887; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18092887

A High-Efficiency Data Collection Method Based on Maximum Recharging Benefit in Sensor Networks

1
School of Computer Science, Software and Cyberspace Security, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210003, China
2
Jiangsu High Technology Research Key Laboratory for Wireless Sensor Networks, Nanjing 210003, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 July 2018 / Revised: 24 August 2018 / Accepted: 29 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
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Abstract

To reduce time delays during data collection and prolong the network lifetime in Wireless Rechargeable Sensor Networks (WRSNs), a type of high-efficiency data collection method based on Maximum Recharging Benefit (DCMRB) is proposed in this paper. According to the minimum number of the Mobile Data Collectors (MDCs), the network is firstly divided into several regions with the help of the Virtual Scan Line (VSL). Then, the MDCs and the Wireless Charging Vehicles (WCVs) are employed in each region for high efficient data collection and energy replenishment. In order to ensure the integrity of data collection and reduce the rate of packet loss, a speed adjustment scheme for MDC is also proposed. In addition, by calculating the adaptive threshold of the recharging request, those nodes with different energy consumption rates are recharged in a timely way that avoids their premature death. Finally, the limited battery capacity of WCVs and their energy consumption while moving are also taken into account, and an adaptive recharging scheme based on maximum benefit is proposed. Experimental results show that the energy consumption is effectively balanced in DCMRB. Furthermore, this can not only enhance the efficiency of data collection, but also prolong the network lifetime compared with the Energy Starvation Avoidance Online Charging scheme (ESAOC), Greedy Mobile Scheme based on Maximum Recharging Benefit (GMS-MRB) and First-Come First-Served (FCFS) methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; data collection; balance of energy consumption; wireless recharging; Maximum Recharging Benefit wireless sensor networks; data collection; balance of energy consumption; wireless recharging; Maximum Recharging Benefit
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Sha, C.; Wang, Q.-W.; Zhang, L.; Wang, R.-C. A High-Efficiency Data Collection Method Based on Maximum Recharging Benefit in Sensor Networks. Sensors 2018, 18, 2887.

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