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Research on the Forward and Reverse Calculation Based on the Adaptive Zero-Velocity Interval Adjustment for the Foot-Mounted Inertial Pedestrian-Positioning System

College of Information and Communication Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
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Sensors 2018, 18(5), 1642; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18051642
Received: 10 April 2018 / Revised: 5 May 2018 / Accepted: 15 May 2018 / Published: 21 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

Pedestrian-positioning technology based on the foot-mounted micro inertial measurement unit (MIMU) plays an important role in the field of indoor navigation and has received extensive attention in recent years. However, the positioning accuracy of the inertial-based pedestrian-positioning method is rapidly reduced because of the relatively low measurement accuracy of the measurement sensor. The zero-velocity update (ZUPT) is an error correction method which was proposed to solve the cumulative error because, on a regular basis, the foot is stationary during the ordinary gait; this is intended to reduce the position error growth of the system. However, the traditional ZUPT has poor performance because the time of foot touchdown is short when the pedestrians move faster, which decreases the positioning accuracy. Considering these problems, a forward and reverse calculation method based on the adaptive zero-velocity interval adjustment for the foot-mounted MIMU location method is proposed in this paper. To solve the inaccuracy of the zero-velocity interval detector during fast pedestrian movement where the contact time of the foot on the ground is short, an adaptive zero-velocity interval detection algorithm based on fuzzy logic reasoning is presented in this paper. In addition, to improve the effectiveness of the ZUPT algorithm, forward and reverse multiple solutions are presented. Finally, with the basic principles and derivation process of this method, the MTi-G710 produced by the XSENS company is used to complete the test. The experimental results verify the correctness and applicability of the proposed method. View Full-Text
Keywords: inertial sensor; pedestrian position; adaptive zero-velocity interval adjustment; forward and reverse calculation inertial sensor; pedestrian position; adaptive zero-velocity interval adjustment; forward and reverse calculation
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Wang, Q.; Guo, Z.; Sun, Z.; Cui, X.; Liu, K. Research on the Forward and Reverse Calculation Based on the Adaptive Zero-Velocity Interval Adjustment for the Foot-Mounted Inertial Pedestrian-Positioning System. Sensors 2018, 18, 1642.

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