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Sensors 2018, 18(4), 973; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18040973

A Portable Wireless Communication Platform Based on a Multi-Material Fiber Sensor for Real-Time Breath Detection

1
Center for Optics, Photonics and Lasers (COPL), Department of Physics, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
2
LABioTRON Bioengineering Research Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Research Centre for Advanced Materials (CERMA), Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 February 2018 / Revised: 20 March 2018 / Accepted: 23 March 2018 / Published: 25 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Smart Devices)
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Abstract

In this paper, we present a new mobile wireless communication platform for real-time monitoring of an individual’s breathing rate. The platform takes the form of a wearable stretching T-shirt featuring a sensor and a detection base station. The sensor is formed by a spiral-shaped antenna made from a multi-material fiber connected to a compact transmitter. Based on the resonance frequency of the antenna at approximately 2.4 GHz, the breathing sensor relies on its Bluetooth transmitter. The contactless and non-invasive sensor is designed without compromising the user’s comfort. The sensing mechanism of the system is based on the detection of the signal amplitude transmitted wirelessly by the sensor, which is found to be sensitive to strain. We demonstrate the capability of the platform to detect the breathing rates of four male volunteers who are not in movement. The breathing pattern is obtained through the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) which is filtered and analyzed with home-made algorithms in the portable system. Numerical simulations of human breath are performed to support the experimental detection, and both results are in a good agreement. Slow, fast, regular, irregular, and shallow breathing types are successfully recorded within a frequency interval of 0.16–1.2 Hz, leading to a breathing rate varying from 10 to 72 breaths per minute. View Full-Text
Keywords: wearable system; smart textile; multi-material fibers; human breath monitoring wearable system; smart textile; multi-material fibers; human breath monitoring
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Roudjane, M.; Bellemare-Rousseau, S.; Khalil, M.; Gorgutsa, S.; Miled, A.; Messaddeq, Y. A Portable Wireless Communication Platform Based on a Multi-Material Fiber Sensor for Real-Time Breath Detection. Sensors 2018, 18, 973.

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