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Open AccessArticle

Impact of Manufacturing Variability and Washing on Embroidery Textile Sensors

Department of Electronic Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, 08222 Terrassa, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2018, 18(11), 3824;
Received: 17 October 2018 / Revised: 31 October 2018 / Accepted: 6 November 2018 / Published: 8 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Textiles and Wearable Sensors)
In this work, an embroidered textile moisture sensor is presented. The sensor is based on a capacitive interdigitated structure embroidered on a cotton substrate with an embroidery conductor yarn composed of 99% pure silver plated nylon yarn 140/17 dtex. In order to evaluate the sensor sensitivity, the impedance of the sensor has been measured by means of a impedance meter (LCR) from 20 Hz to 20 kHz in a climatic chamber with a sweep of the relative humidity from 25% to 65% at 20 °C. The experimental results show a clear and controllable dependence of the sensor impedance with the relative humidity. Moreover, the reproducibility of the sensor performance subject to the manufacturing process variability and washing process is also evaluated. The results show that the manufacturing variability introduces a moisture measurement error up to 4%. The washing process impact on the sensor behavior after applying the first washing cycle implies a sensitivity reduction higher than 14%. Despite these effects, the textile sensor keeps its functionality and can be reused in standard conditions. Therefore, these properties point out the usefulness of the proposed sensor to develop wearable applications within the health and fitness scope including when the user needs to have a life cycle longer than one-time use. View Full-Text
Keywords: sensor; e-textile; embroidery; moisture; conductive yarn sensor; e-textile; embroidery; moisture; conductive yarn
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martinez-Estrada, M.; Moradi, B.; Fernández-Garcia, R.; Gil, I. Impact of Manufacturing Variability and Washing on Embroidery Textile Sensors. Sensors 2018, 18, 3824.

AMA Style

Martinez-Estrada M, Moradi B, Fernández-Garcia R, Gil I. Impact of Manufacturing Variability and Washing on Embroidery Textile Sensors. Sensors. 2018; 18(11):3824.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martinez-Estrada, Marc; Moradi, Bahareh; Fernández-Garcia, Raúl; Gil, Ignacio. 2018. "Impact of Manufacturing Variability and Washing on Embroidery Textile Sensors" Sensors 18, no. 11: 3824.

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