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Open AccessArticle

Exploring the Efficacy of Platinum and Palladium Nanostructures for Organic Molecule Detection via Raman Spectroscopy

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
2
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
3
Microelectronics Research Center, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2018, 18(1), 147; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18010147
Received: 13 November 2017 / Revised: 19 December 2017 / Accepted: 5 January 2018 / Published: 7 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spectroscopy Based Sensors)
Noble transition metals, like palladium (Pd) and platinum (Pt), have been well-known for their excellent catalytic and electrochemical properties. However, they have been considered non-active for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). In this work, we explore the scattering contributions of Pd and Pt for the detection of organic molecules. The Pd and Pt nanostructures were synthesized on silicon substrate using a modified galvanic displacement method. The results show Pt nanoparticles and dendritic Pd nanostructures with controlled density and size. The influence of surfactants, including sodium dodecyl sulfate and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, on the size and morphology of the nanostructures was investigated. The Pd and Pt nanostructures with a combination of large size and high density were then used to explore their applicability for the detection of 10−5 M Rhodamine 6G and 10−2 M paraoxon. View Full-Text
Keywords: morphology; size; density; nanostructures morphology; size; density; nanostructures
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Tran, M.; Whale, A.; Padalkar, S. Exploring the Efficacy of Platinum and Palladium Nanostructures for Organic Molecule Detection via Raman Spectroscopy. Sensors 2018, 18, 147.

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