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Sensors 2017, 17(1), 182;

Current and Emerging Technology for Continuous Glucose Monitoring

School of Environmental and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, Shanghai Polytechnic University, Shanghai 201209, China
Department of Ophthalmology, Eye and ENT Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200231, China
Electrical Engineering Division, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0FA, UK
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giovanni Sparacino, Andrea Facchinetti and J. Hans de Vries
Received: 14 October 2016 / Revised: 19 December 2016 / Accepted: 20 December 2016 / Published: 19 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Glucose Sensors: Revolution in Diabetes Management 2016)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2605 KB, uploaded 19 January 2017]   |  


Diabetes has become a leading cause of death worldwide. Although there is no cure for diabetes, blood glucose monitoring combined with appropriate medication can enhance treatment efficiency, alleviate the symptoms, as well as diminish the complications. For point-of-care purposes, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices are considered to be the best candidates for diabetes therapy. This review focuses on current growth areas of CGM technologies, specifically focusing on subcutaneous implantable electrochemical glucose sensors. The superiority of CGM systems is introduced firstly, and then the strategies for fabrication of minimally-invasive and non-invasive CGM biosensors are discussed, respectively. Finally, we briefly outline the current status and future perspective for CGM systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: continuous glucose monitoring; glucose biosensor; implanted devices; mini-invasive; non-invasive continuous glucose monitoring; glucose biosensor; implanted devices; mini-invasive; non-invasive

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Chen, C.; Zhao, X.-L.; Li, Z.-H.; Zhu, Z.-G.; Qian, S.-H.; Flewitt, A.J. Current and Emerging Technology for Continuous Glucose Monitoring. Sensors 2017, 17, 182.

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