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Sensors 2016, 16(3), 331;

Per-Pixel Coded Exposure for High-Speed and High-Resolution Imaging Using a Digital Micromirror Device Camera

State Key Laboratory of Precision Measuring Technology and Instruments, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Moeslund
Received: 22 December 2015 / Revised: 25 January 2016 / Accepted: 29 February 2016 / Published: 4 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
Full-Text   |   PDF [4246 KB, uploaded 4 March 2016]   |  


High-speed photography is an important tool for studying rapid physical phenomena. However, low-frame-rate CCD (charge coupled device) or CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) camera cannot effectively capture the rapid phenomena with high-speed and high-resolution. In this paper, we incorporate the hardware restrictions of existing image sensors, design the sampling functions, and implement a hardware prototype with a digital micromirror device (DMD) camera in which spatial and temporal information can be flexibly modulated. Combined with the optical model of DMD camera, we theoretically analyze the per-pixel coded exposure and propose a three-element median quicksort method to increase the temporal resolution of the imaging system. Theoretically, this approach can rapidly increase the temporal resolution several, or even hundreds, of times without increasing bandwidth requirements of the camera. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our method via extensive examples and achieve 100 fps (frames per second) gain in temporal resolution by using a 25 fps camera. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-speed imaging; DMD camera; per-pixel coded exposure; quicksort high-speed imaging; DMD camera; per-pixel coded exposure; quicksort

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Feng, W.; Zhang, F.; Qu, X.; Zheng, S. Per-Pixel Coded Exposure for High-Speed and High-Resolution Imaging Using a Digital Micromirror Device Camera. Sensors 2016, 16, 331.

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