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Sensors 2015, 15(5), 10026-10047;

A Multi-Agent Framework for Packet Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

School of Software and Electrical Engineering, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne 3122, Australia
School of Computer Science and Software Engineering, University of Wollongong, Wollongong 2522, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Leonhard M. Reindl
Received: 5 March 2015 / Revised: 20 April 2015 / Accepted: 22 April 2015 / Published: 28 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
Full-Text   |   PDF [682 KB, uploaded 28 April 2015]


Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have been widely investigated in recent years. One of the fundamental issues in WSNs is packet routing, because in many application domains, packets have to be routed from source nodes to destination nodes as soon and as energy efficiently as possible. To address this issue, a large number of routing approaches have been proposed. Although every existing routing approach has advantages, they also have some disadvantages. In this paper, a multi-agent framework is proposed that can assist existing routing approaches to improve their routing performance. This framework enables each sensor node to build a cooperative neighbour set based on past routing experience. Such cooperative neighbours, in turn, can help the sensor to effectively relay packets in the future. This framework is independent of existing routing approaches and can be used to assist many existing routing approaches. Simulation results demonstrate the good performance of this framework in terms of four metrics: average delivery latency, successful delivery ratio, number of live nodes and total sensing coverage. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-agent systems; wireless sensor networks; packet routing multi-agent systems; wireless sensor networks; packet routing
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Ye, D.; Zhang, M.; Yang, Y. A Multi-Agent Framework for Packet Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2015, 15, 10026-10047.

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