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Comparative Transcriptome Analysis of the Molecular Mechanism of the Hairy Roots of Brassica campestris L. in Response to Cadmium Stress
Open AccessArticle

Full-Length Transcriptome Assembly of Italian Ryegrass Root Integrated with RNA-Seq to Identify Genes in Response to Plant Cadmium Stress

College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(3), 1067; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21031067
Received: 22 December 2019 / Revised: 2 February 2020 / Accepted: 4 February 2020 / Published: 6 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Heavy Metals Accumulation, Toxicity and Detoxification in Plants)
Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic heavy metal element. It is relatively easily absorbed by plants and enters the food chain, resulting in human exposure to Cd. Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.), an important forage cultivated widely in temperate regions worldwide, has the potential to be used in phytoremediation. However, genes regulating Cd translocation and accumulation in this species are not fully understood. Here, we optimized PacBio ISO-seq and integrated it with RNA-seq to construct a de novo full-length transcriptomic database for an un-sequenced autotetraploid species. With the database, we identified 2367 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and profiled the molecular regulatory pathways of Italian ryegrass with Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis in response to Cd stress. Overexpression of a DEG LmAUX1 in Arabidopsis thaliana significantly enhanced plant Cd concentration. We also unveiled the complexity of alternative splicing (AS) with a genome-free strategy. We reconstructed full-length UniTransModels using the reference transcriptome, and 29.76% of full-length models had more than one isoform. Taken together, the results enhanced our understanding of the genetic diversity and complexity of Italian ryegrass under Cd stress and provided valuable genetic resources for its gene identification and molecular breeding. View Full-Text
Keywords: alternative splicing; cadmium; Italian ryegrass root; transcriptome; cadmium; LmAUX1 alternative splicing; cadmium; Italian ryegrass root; transcriptome; cadmium; LmAUX1
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Hu, Z.; Zhang, Y.; He, Y.; Cao, Q.; Zhang, T.; Lou, L.; Cai, Q. Full-Length Transcriptome Assembly of Italian Ryegrass Root Integrated with RNA-Seq to Identify Genes in Response to Plant Cadmium Stress. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 1067.

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