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Alternatives to Insulin for the Regulation of Blood Sugar Levels in Type 2 Diabetes

1
Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
2
Evergreen World Healthcare Center, Garden Grove, CA 92844, USA
3
Engage Global Inc., Orem, UT 84057, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(21), 8302; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21218302
Received: 10 October 2020 / Revised: 29 October 2020 / Accepted: 31 October 2020 / Published: 5 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Biomarkers of Selected Diseases of Civilization)
This short overview focuses on the causation and treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Emphasis is given to the historical basis of understanding this disease and the background leading to emergence of the central role of insulin. The strengths of insulin administration in the treatment of diabetes are profound, but these need to be balanced against several serious shortcomings of its extended use. Some alternative approaches to T2D management are considered. Insulin is no longer considered as the first choice for type 2 diabetes, and an expanding range of new therapeutic possibilities is emerging. While these may lack the potency of insulin, at a minimum, they allow a major reduction in the intensity of insulin use. In view of the rising worldwide incidence of this disease, it is imperative to develop safe and inexpensive means of limiting its potential for impairment of normal functioning. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes; insulin; inflammation; insulin resistance diet; oxidative stress diabetes; insulin; inflammation; insulin resistance diet; oxidative stress
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bondy, S.C.; Wu, M.; Prasad, K.N. Alternatives to Insulin for the Regulation of Blood Sugar Levels in Type 2 Diabetes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 8302. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21218302

AMA Style

Bondy SC, Wu M, Prasad KN. Alternatives to Insulin for the Regulation of Blood Sugar Levels in Type 2 Diabetes. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(21):8302. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21218302

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bondy, Stephen C.; Wu, Meixia; Prasad, Kedar N. 2020. "Alternatives to Insulin for the Regulation of Blood Sugar Levels in Type 2 Diabetes" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 21, no. 21: 8302. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21218302

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