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Bio-inspired Surface Texture Modification as a Viable Feature of Future Aquatic Antifouling Strategies: A Review

1
DCU Water Institute, School of Chemical Sciences, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland
2
Insight Centre for Data Analytics, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(14), 5063; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21145063
Received: 20 May 2020 / Revised: 6 July 2020 / Accepted: 8 July 2020 / Published: 17 July 2020
The imitation of natural systems to produce effective antifouling materials is often referred to as “biomimetics”. The world of biomimetics is a multidisciplinary one, needing careful understanding of “biological structures”, processes and principles of various organisms found in nature and based on this, designing nanodevices and nanomaterials that are of commercial interest to industry. Looking to the marine environment for bioinspired surfaces offers researchers a wealth of topographies to explore. Particular attention has been given to the evaluation of textures based on marine organisms tested in either the laboratory or the field. The findings of the review relate to the numbers of studies on textured surfaces demonstrating antifouling potential which are significant. However, many of these are only tested in the laboratory, where it is acknowledged a very different response to fouling is observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofouling; marine inspiration; topography; surface modification; antifouling biofouling; marine inspiration; topography; surface modification; antifouling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Richards, C.; Slaimi, A.; O’Connor, N.E.; Barrett, A.; Kwiatkowska, S.; Regan, F. Bio-inspired Surface Texture Modification as a Viable Feature of Future Aquatic Antifouling Strategies: A Review. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 5063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21145063

AMA Style

Richards C, Slaimi A, O’Connor NE, Barrett A, Kwiatkowska S, Regan F. Bio-inspired Surface Texture Modification as a Viable Feature of Future Aquatic Antifouling Strategies: A Review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(14):5063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21145063

Chicago/Turabian Style

Richards, Chloe; Slaimi, Asma; O’Connor, Noel E.; Barrett, Alan; Kwiatkowska, Sandra; Regan, Fiona. 2020. "Bio-inspired Surface Texture Modification as a Viable Feature of Future Aquatic Antifouling Strategies: A Review" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 21, no. 14: 5063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21145063

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