Current Advances in Thyroid Cancer Management. Are We Ready for the Epidemic Rise of Diagnoses?
AbstractA rising incidence of thyroid cancers (TCs) mainly small tumors, observed during recent years, lead to many controversies regarding treatment strategies. TCs represent a distinct molecular background and clinical outcome. Although in most cases TCs are characterized by a good prognosis, there are some aggressive forms, which do not respond to standard treatment. There are still some questions, which have to be resolved to avoid dangerous simplifications in the clinical management. In this article, we focused on the current advantages in preoperative molecular diagnostic tests and histopathological examination including noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). We discussed the controversies regarding the extent of thyroid surgery and adjuvant radioiodine therapy, as well as new treatment modalities for radioiodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (RR-DTC). Considering medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), we analyzed a clinical management based on histopathology and RET (ret proto-oncogene) mutation genotype, disease follow-up with a special attention to serum calcitonin doubling time as an important prognostic marker, and targeted therapy applied in advanced MTC. In addition, we provided some data regarding anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC), a highly lethal neoplasm, which lead to death in nearly 100% of patients due to the lack of effective treatment options. View Full-Text
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Rusinek, D.; Chmielik, E.; Krajewska, J.; Jarzab, M.; Oczko-Wojciechowska, M.; Czarniecka, A.; Jarzab, B. Current Advances in Thyroid Cancer Management. Are We Ready for the Epidemic Rise of Diagnoses? Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1817.
Rusinek D, Chmielik E, Krajewska J, Jarzab M, Oczko-Wojciechowska M, Czarniecka A, Jarzab B. Current Advances in Thyroid Cancer Management. Are We Ready for the Epidemic Rise of Diagnoses? International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(8):1817.Chicago/Turabian Style
Rusinek, Dagmara; Chmielik, Ewa; Krajewska, Jolanta; Jarzab, Michal; Oczko-Wojciechowska, Malgorzata; Czarniecka, Agnieszka; Jarzab, Barbara. 2017. "Current Advances in Thyroid Cancer Management. Are We Ready for the Epidemic Rise of Diagnoses?" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 8: 1817.
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