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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(10), 2082;

Experimental and Kinetic Study on Lignin Depolymerization in Water/Formic Acid System

College of Metrology and Measurement Engineering, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310096, China
Jiangsu Frontier Electric Power Technology Co., Ltd., Nanjing 211102, China
School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 September 2017 / Revised: 25 September 2017 / Accepted: 28 September 2017 / Published: 1 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Lignin Challenge: Exploring Innovative Applications)
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Microwave-assisted depolymerization of black-liquor lignin in formic acid was studied, concentrating on the yield of liquid fractions as bio-oil 1 (mainly aromatic monomers) and bio-oil 2 (mainly aromatic oligomers) and the distribution of the specific compositions. Bio-oil 1 (9.69%) and bio-oil 2 (54.39%) achieved their maximum yields under 160 °C with the reaction time of 30 min. The chemical compositions of bio-oil 1 and bio-oil 2 were respectively identified by means of Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) and Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Ethanone, 1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) and Ethanone, 1-(4-hydrox-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl) were evidenced to be the two prominent compounds in bio-oil 1. Production of aromatic oligomers with the molecular weight of 328, 342, 358, 378, 394, 424 and 454 identified by MALDI-TOF MS was substantially tuned with the reaction temperature. A two-separate-stage kinetic model was proposed to describe the acidic solvolysis of lignin assisted by microwave heating, where the first stage is dominated by the depolyerization of lignin to monomers and oligomers with the activation energy of 40.27 kJ·mol−1, and the second stage with the activation energy of 49.18 kJ·mol−1 is mainly ascribed to the repolymerization of first-stage produced compounds. View Full-Text
Keywords: lignin; solvolysis; microwave heating; aromatic compounds; kinetic model lignin; solvolysis; microwave heating; aromatic compounds; kinetic model

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, Q.; Guan, S.; Shen, D. Experimental and Kinetic Study on Lignin Depolymerization in Water/Formic Acid System. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2082.

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