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Open AccessArticle

The Indeterminate Domain Protein ROC1 Regulates Chilling Tolerance via Activation of DREB1B/CBF1 in Rice

College of Life Sciences, Shandong Normal University, Wenhua East Road 88, Jinan 250014, Shandong, China
Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
College of Plant Protection, Shenyang Agricultural University, Dongling Road 120, Shenyang 110866, Liaoning, China
School of Pharmaceutical Science, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejiang, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcello Iriti
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(3), 233;
Received: 30 December 2015 / Revised: 27 January 2016 / Accepted: 4 February 2016 / Published: 25 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Molecular Biology)
Abiotic stress, including salinity, drought and cold, severely affect diverse aspects of plant development and production. Rice is an important crop that does not acclimate to cold; therefore, it is relatively sensitive to low temperature stress. Dehydration-responsive element-binding protein 1s (DREB1s)/C-repeat binding factors (CBFs) are well known for their function in cold tolerance, but the transcriptional regulation of CBFs remains elusive, especially in rice. Here, we performed a yeast one-hybrid assay using the promoter of CBF1, a cold-induced gene, to isolate transcriptional regulators of CBF1. Among the seven candidates identified, an indeterminate domain (IDD) protein named ROC1 (a regulator of CBF1) was further analyzed. The ROC1 transcript was induced by exogenously-treated auxin, while it was not altered by cold or ABA stimuli. ROC1-GFP was localized at the nucleus, and ROC1 showed trans-activation activity in yeast. The electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and ChIP analyses revealed that ROC1 directly bound to the promoter of CBF1. Furthermore, ROC1 mutants exhibited chilling-sensitive symptoms and inhibited cold-mediated induction of CBF1 and CBF3, indicating that ROC1 is a positive regulator of cold stress responses. Taken together, this study identified the CBF1 regulator, and the results are important for rice plant adaptation to chilling stress. View Full-Text
Keywords: ROC1; indeterminate domain; cold stress; CBF1; rice ROC1; indeterminate domain; cold stress; CBF1; rice
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Dou, M.; Cheng, S.; Zhao, B.; Xuan, Y.; Shao, M. The Indeterminate Domain Protein ROC1 Regulates Chilling Tolerance via Activation of DREB1B/CBF1 in Rice. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 233.

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