A Polymer Visualization System with Accurate Heating and Cooling Control and High-Speed Imaging
AbstractA visualization system to observe crystal and bubble formation in polymers under high temperature and pressure has been developed. Using this system, polymer can be subjected to a programmable thermal treatment to simulate the process in high pressure differential scanning calorimetry (HPDSC). With a high-temperature/high-pressure view-cell unit, this system enables in situ observation of crystal formation in semi-crystalline polymers to complement thermal analyses with HPDSC. The high-speed recording capability of the camera not only allows detailed recording of crystal formation, it also enables in situ capture of plastic foaming processes with a high temporal resolution. To demonstrate the system’s capability, crystal formation and foaming processes of polypropylene/carbon dioxide systems were examined. It was observed that crystals nucleated and grew into spherulites, and they grew at faster rates as temperature decreased. This observation agrees with the crystallinity measurement obtained with the HPDSC. Cell nucleation first occurred at crystals’ boundaries due to CO2 exclusion from crystal growth fronts. Subsequently, cells were nucleated around the existing ones due to tensile stresses generated in the constrained amorphous regions between networks of crystals. View Full-Text
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Wong, A.; Guo, Y.; Park, C.B.; Zhou, N.Q. A Polymer Visualization System with Accurate Heating and Cooling Control and High-Speed Imaging. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 9196-9216.
Wong A, Guo Y, Park CB, Zhou NQ. A Polymer Visualization System with Accurate Heating and Cooling Control and High-Speed Imaging. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(5):9196-9216.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wong, Anson; Guo, Yanting; Park, Chul B.; Zhou, Nan Q. 2015. "A Polymer Visualization System with Accurate Heating and Cooling Control and High-Speed Imaging." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 5: 9196-9216.