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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(10), 23970-23993;

The Role of Pathogen-Secreted Proteins in Fungal Vascular Wilt Diseases

Molecular Plant Pathology, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam 1098XH, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jan Schirawski
Received: 19 August 2015 / Revised: 10 September 2015 / Accepted: 11 September 2015 / Published: 9 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Microbe Interaction)
Full-Text   |   PDF [741 KB, uploaded 9 October 2015]


A limited number of fungi can cause wilting disease in plants through colonization of the vascular system, the most well-known being Verticillium dahliae and Fusarium oxysporum. Like all pathogenic microorganisms, vascular wilt fungi secrete proteins during host colonization. Whole-genome sequencing and proteomics screens have identified many of these proteins, including small, usually cysteine-rich proteins, necrosis-inducing proteins and enzymes. Gene deletion experiments have provided evidence that some of these proteins are required for pathogenicity, while the role of other secreted proteins remains enigmatic. On the other hand, the plant immune system can recognize some secreted proteins or their actions, resulting in disease resistance. We give an overview of proteins currently known to be secreted by vascular wilt fungi and discuss their role in pathogenicity and plant immunity. View Full-Text
Keywords: vascular wilt fungi; secreted proteins; effectors; pathogenicity; virulence; avirulence vascular wilt fungi; secreted proteins; effectors; pathogenicity; virulence; avirulence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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de Sain, M.; Rep, M. The Role of Pathogen-Secreted Proteins in Fungal Vascular Wilt Diseases. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 23970-23993.

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