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Open AccessArticle

Supercritical CO2 Extraction of Extracted Oil from Pistacia lentiscus L.: Mathematical Modeling, Economic Evaluation and Scale-Up

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Laboratory Materials, Molecules and Applications, Preparatory Institute for Scientific and Technical Studies, 2070 Marsa, Tunisia
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Laboratorio de Controle de Processos, Departments of Chemical Engineering and Food Engineering, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), P.O. Box 476, Florianópolis 88010-970, Brazil
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Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Northern Border University, Arar P.O. Box 1321, Saudi Arabia
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Laboratoire Réactions et Génie des Procédés, Université de Lorraine, CNRS, LRGP F-5400 Nancy, France
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2020, 25(1), 199; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25010199
Received: 3 December 2019 / Revised: 18 December 2019 / Accepted: 20 December 2019 / Published: 3 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Compounds from Vegetable Sources)
In this study, the extracted oil of Pistacia lentiscus L. the Tunis region was extracted using supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction containing different major components in the oil such as α-pinene (32%) and terpinene-4-ol (13%). The investigation of the effect of different variables on the extraction yield with 5% level of confidence interval showed that the CO2 pressure was the main significant variable to influence the oil yield. In order to better understand the phenomena, three parameters were considered to adjust all parameters of broken and intact cell (BIC) model: grinding efficiency (G), the internal mass transfer parameter ( k S a 0 ), and the external mass transfer parameter ( k f a 0 ), which were estimated by experimental extraction curves to calculate the diffusion coefficient. From an economic point of view, we found out that the high cost of production of the extracted oil was due to the low mass of extracted oil obtained from this type of plant. View Full-Text
Keywords: supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction; Pistacia lentiscus L.; response surface methodology; diffusion coefficient; mass transfer parameter; economic study supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction; Pistacia lentiscus L.; response surface methodology; diffusion coefficient; mass transfer parameter; economic study
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Aydi, A.; Zibetti, A.W.; Al-Khazaal, A.Z.; ELADEB, A.; ADBERRABA, M.; BARTH, D. Supercritical CO2 Extraction of Extracted Oil from Pistacia lentiscus L.: Mathematical Modeling, Economic Evaluation and Scale-Up. Molecules 2020, 25, 199.

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