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New Trends in Biopolymer-Based Membranes for Pervaporation

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Tecnologico de Monterrey, Campus Toluca. Avenida Eduardo Monroy Cárdenas 2000 San Antonio Buenavista, 50110 Toluca de Lerdo, Mexico
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Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Science, Av. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, Monterrey, N.L. 64849, Mexico
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alberto Figoli
Molecules 2019, 24(19), 3584; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24193584
Received: 6 September 2019 / Revised: 28 September 2019 / Accepted: 3 October 2019 / Published: 5 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Trends in Membrane Preparation and Applications)
Biopolymers are currently the most convenient alternative for replacing chemically synthetized polymers in membrane preparation. To date, several biopolymers have been proposed for such purpose, including the ones derived from animal (e.g., polybutylene succinate, polylactic acid, polyhydroxyalcanoates), vegetable sources (e.g., starch, cellulose-based polymers, alginate, polyisoprene), bacterial fermentation products (e.g., collagen, chitin, chitosan) and specific production processes (e.g., sericin). Particularly, these biopolymer-based membranes have been implemented into pervaporation (PV) technology, which assists in the selective separation of azeotropic water-organic, organic-water, organic-organic mixtures, and specific separations of chemical reactions. Thereby, the aim of the present review is to present the current state-of-the-art regarding the different concepts on preparing membranes for PV. Particular attention is paid to the most relevant insights in the field, highlighting the followed strategies by authors for such successful approaches. Finally, by reviewing the ongoing development works, the concluding remarks and future trends are addressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: pervaporation; mixed-matrix membranes; polar compounds; non-polar compounds; biopolymers pervaporation; mixed-matrix membranes; polar compounds; non-polar compounds; biopolymers
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Castro-Muñoz, R.; González-Valdez, J. New Trends in Biopolymer-Based Membranes for Pervaporation. Molecules 2019, 24, 3584.

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