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Open AccessArticle

Enhanced Production of Gypenoside LXXV Using a Novel Ginsenoside-Transforming β-Glucosidase from Ginseng-Cultivating Soil Bacteria and Its Anti-Cancer Property

1
Intelligent Synthetic Biology Center, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701, Korea
2
Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701, Korea
3
KAIST Institute for Biocentury, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701, Korea
4
Department of Biological Sciences, Hankyong National University, 327 Chungang-no Anseong-si, Kyonggi-do 456-749, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2017, 22(5), 844; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22050844
Received: 14 March 2017 / Revised: 7 May 2017 / Accepted: 12 May 2017 / Published: 19 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis and Modification of Natural Product)
Minor ginsenosides, such as compound K, Rg3(S), which can be produced by deglycosylation of ginsenosides Rb1, showed strong anti-cancer effects. However, the anticancer effects of gypenoside LXXV, which is one of the deglycosylated shapes of ginsenoside Rb1, is still unknown due to the rarity of its content in plants. Here, we cloned and characterized a novel ginsenoside-transforming β-glucosidase (BglG167b) derived from Microbacterium sp. Gsoil 167 which can efficiently hydrolyze gypenoside XVII into gypenoside LXXV, and applied it to the production of gypenoside LXXV at the gram-scale with high specificity. In addition, the anti-cancer activity of gypenoside LXXV was investigated against three cancer cell lines (HeLa, B16, and MDA-MB231) in vitro. Gypenoside LXXV significantly reduced cell viability, displaying an enhanced anti-cancer effect compared to gypenoside XVII and Rb1. Taken together, this enzymatic method would be useful in the preparation of gypenoside LXXV for the functional food and pharmaceutical industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: gypenoside LXXV; gypenoside XVII; ginsenoside; deglycosylation; biotransformation; Microbacterium sp. Gsoil 167 gypenoside LXXV; gypenoside XVII; ginsenoside; deglycosylation; biotransformation; Microbacterium sp. Gsoil 167
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Cui, C.-H.; Kim, D.J.; Jung, S.-C.; Kim, S.-C.; Im, W.-T. Enhanced Production of Gypenoside LXXV Using a Novel Ginsenoside-Transforming β-Glucosidase from Ginseng-Cultivating Soil Bacteria and Its Anti-Cancer Property. Molecules 2017, 22, 844.

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