Molecular Cloning and Characterization of a Xanthone Prenyltransferase from Hypericum calycinum Cell Cultures
AbstractIn plants, prenylation of metabolites is widely distributed to generate compounds with efficient defense potential and distinct pharmacological activities profitable to human health. Prenylated compounds are formed by members of the prenyltransferase (PT) superfamily, which catalyze the addition of prenyl moieties to a variety of acceptor molecules. Cell cultures of Hypericum calycinum respond to elicitor treatment with the accumulation of the prenylated xanthone hyperxanthone E. A cDNA encoding a membrane-bound PT (HcPT) was isolated from a subtracted cDNA library and transcript preparations of H. calycinum. An increase in the HcPT transcript level preceded hyperxanthone E accumulation in cell cultures of H. calycinum treated with elicitor. The HcPT cDNA was functionally characterized by expression in baculovirus-infected insect cells. The recombinant enzyme catalyzed biosynthesis of 1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxy-8-prenylxanthone through regiospecific C–8 prenylation of 1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxyxanthone, indicating its involvement in hyperxanthone E formation. The enzymatic product shared significant structural features with the previously reported cholinesterase inhibitor γ-mangostin. Thus, our findings may offer a chance for semisynthesis of new active agents to be involved in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 842 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Fiesel, T.; Gaid, M.; Müller, A.; Bartels, J.; El-Awaad, I.; Beuerle, T.; Ernst, L.; Behrends, S.; Beerhues, L. Molecular Cloning and Characterization of a Xanthone Prenyltransferase from Hypericum calycinum Cell Cultures. Molecules 2015, 20, 15616-15630.
Fiesel T, Gaid M, Müller A, Bartels J, El-Awaad I, Beuerle T, Ernst L, Behrends S, Beerhues L. Molecular Cloning and Characterization of a Xanthone Prenyltransferase from Hypericum calycinum Cell Cultures. Molecules. 2015; 20(9):15616-15630.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fiesel, Tobias; Gaid, Mariam; Müller, Andreas; Bartels, Joana; El-Awaad, Islam; Beuerle, Till; Ernst, Ludger; Behrends, Sönke; Beerhues, Ludger. 2015. "Molecular Cloning and Characterization of a Xanthone Prenyltransferase from Hypericum calycinum Cell Cultures." Molecules 20, no. 9: 15616-15630.