Synthesis and Antiplatelet Activity of Antithrombotic Thiourea Compounds: Biological and Structure-Activity Relationship Studies
AbstractThe incidence of hematological disorders has increased steadily in Western countries despite the advances in drug development. The high expression of the multi-resistance protein 4 in patients with transitory aspirin resistance, points to the importance of finding new molecules, including those that are not affected by these proteins. In this work, we describe the synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of N,N'-disubstituted thioureas derivatives using in vitro and in silico approaches. New designed compounds inhibit the arachidonic acid pathway in human platelets. The most active thioureas (compounds 3d, 3i, 3m and 3p) displayed IC50 values ranging from 29 to 84 µM with direct influence over in vitro PGE2 and TXA2 formation. In silico evaluation of these compounds suggests that direct blockage of the tyrosyl-radical at the COX-1 active site is achieved by strong hydrophobic contacts as well as electrostatic interactions. A low toxicity profile of this series was observed through hemolytic, genotoxic and mutagenic assays. The most active thioureas were able to reduce both PGE2 and TXB2 production in human platelets, suggesting a direct inhibition of COX-1. These results reinforce their promising profile as lead antiplatelet agents for further in vivo experimental investigations. View Full-Text
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Lourenço, A.L.; Saito, M.S.; Dorneles, L.E.G.; Viana, G.M.; Sathler, P.C.; Aguiar, L.C.S.; de Pádula, M.; Domingos, T.F.S.; Fraga, A.G.M.; Rodrigues, C.R.; de Sousa, V.P.; Castro, H.C.; Cabral, L.M. Synthesis and Antiplatelet Activity of Antithrombotic Thiourea Compounds: Biological and Structure-Activity Relationship Studies. Molecules 2015, 20, 7174-7200.
Lourenço AL, Saito MS, Dorneles LEG, Viana GM, Sathler PC, Aguiar LCS, de Pádula M, Domingos TFS, Fraga AGM, Rodrigues CR, de Sousa VP, Castro HC, Cabral LM. Synthesis and Antiplatelet Activity of Antithrombotic Thiourea Compounds: Biological and Structure-Activity Relationship Studies. Molecules. 2015; 20(4):7174-7200.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lourenço, André L.; Saito, Max S.; Dorneles, Luís E.G.; Viana, Gil M.; Sathler, Plínio C.; Aguiar, Lúcia C.S.; de Pádula, Marcelo; Domingos, Thaisa F.S.; Fraga, Aline G.M.; Rodrigues, Carlos R.; de Sousa, Valeria P.; Castro, Helena C.; Cabral, Lucio M. 2015. "Synthesis and Antiplatelet Activity of Antithrombotic Thiourea Compounds: Biological and Structure-Activity Relationship Studies." Molecules 20, no. 4: 7174-7200.