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Entropy 2018, 20(11), 847; https://doi.org/10.3390/e20110847

Mechanical Fault Diagnosis of HVCBs Based on Multi-Feature Entropy Fusion and Hybrid Classifier

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Baoding 071003, China
2
Maintenance Company of State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Company, Hangzhou 310000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 October 2018 / Revised: 2 November 2018 / Accepted: 3 November 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy-Based Fault Diagnosis)
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Abstract

As high-voltage circuit breakers (HVCBs) are directly related to the safety and the stability of a power grid, it is of great significance to carry out fault diagnoses of HVCBs. To accurately identify operating states of HVCBs, a novel mechanical fault diagnosis method of HVCBs based on multi-feature entropy fusion (MFEF) and a hybrid classifier is proposed. MFEF involves the decomposition of vibration signals of HVCBs into several intrinsic mode functions using variational mode decomposition (VMD) and the calculation of multi-feature entropy by the integration of three Shannon entropies. Principle component analysis (PCA) is then used to reduce the dimension of the multi-feature entropy to achieve an effective fusion of features for selecting the feature vector. The detection of an unknown fault in HVCBs is achieved using support vector data description (SVDD) trained by normal-state samples and specific fault samples. On this basis, the identification and classification of the known states are realized by the support vector machine (SVM). Three faults (i.e., closing spring force decrease fault, buffer spring invalid fault, opening spring force decrease fault) are simulated on a real SF6 HVCB to test the feasibility of the proposed method. The detection accuracies of the unknown fault are 100%, 87.5%, and 100% respectively when each of the three faults is assumed to be the unknown fault. The comparative experiments show that SVM has no ability to detect the unknown fault, and that one-class support vector machine (OCSVM) has a weaker ability to detect the unknown fault than SVDD. For known-state classification, the adoption of the MFEF method achieved an accuracy of 100%, while the use of a single-feature method only achieved an accuracy of 75%. These results indicate that the proposed method combining MFEF with hybrid classifier is thus more efficient and robust than traditional methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-voltage circuit breaker; mechanical fault diagnosis; multi-feature entropy fusion; variational mode decomposition; principle components analysis; support vector data description high-voltage circuit breaker; mechanical fault diagnosis; multi-feature entropy fusion; variational mode decomposition; principle components analysis; support vector data description
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Wan, S.; Chen, L.; Dou, L.; Zhou, J. Mechanical Fault Diagnosis of HVCBs Based on Multi-Feature Entropy Fusion and Hybrid Classifier. Entropy 2018, 20, 847.

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