Impact of Ocean Acidification on Marine Organisms—Unifying Principles and New Paradigms
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (28 February 2014) | Viewed by 119093
Interests: ocean acidification; climate change; eco-physiology; echinoderms
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Among anthropogenic stressors, ocean acidification—the decrease in the pH of the oceans caused by their uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere—are of great concern and are believed to be a major threat for near-future ecosystem health. Rates of climate change are increasingly fast and we can only guess at the kinds of organisms that will suffer (“losers”) or benefit (“winners”) from this mayhem that is radically altering ecosystem structure. The impact of ocean acidification appears to be extremely species- and even population-specific and depends on life-history stages and the processes studied. The impact also needs to be considered in the context of additional relevant factors such as temperature and other anthropogenic stressors such as pollution. Until now, Ocean acidification has been moving forward as a hypothesis-driven research field and the current paradigms (e.g. ocean acidification will negatively impact calcifiers) are now being revisited. For example, some of the taxa predicted to be heavily impacted appear to be surprisingly resilient to low pH / high pCO2. To allow large-scale predictions of the impact of ocean acidification on marine ecosystems it is important to understand how ocean acidification together with other stressors will modify the evolutionary rules shaping marine ecosystems.
This Special Issue will compile research articles on recent research together with reviews on the biological impact of ocean acidification. These will have special focus on species and ecosystem resilience in relation to present and future natural environmental variability, life history strategy and population plasticity along latitudinal gradients to explore both intra- and inter- specific adaptive potential and genetic variability in various taxa.
Prof. Dr. Mike Thorndyke
Dr. Sam Dupont
Dr. Jason Hall-Spencer
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- ocean acidification
- climate change