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Special Issue "Innovative Model Strategies in Hydraulics"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Hydraulics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Valentin Heller

Environmental Fluid Mechanics and Geoprocesses Research Group, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +44 (0)11 574 860 49
Interests: coastal engineering; computational fluid dynamics; experimental fluid dynamics; fuid-structure interaction; granular slides; hydraulic structures; landslide-tsunamis; scale effects; similarity

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Physical hydraulic modelling at a reduced size is an important research and engineering method to understand complex fluid flows, to design, optimize, and visualize sound engineering solutions, and to provide data to calibrate and validate numerical models.

A major limitation of laboratory models are model and scale effects. Many innovative strategies have been developed to model complex hydraulic phenomena, to overcome scale effects, and to improve model–prototype similarity in general.

Celebrated examples of modelling hydraulic phenomena include Scott Russell’s solitary wave generator, Hunter Rouse’s investigation of the turbulence characteristics in hydraulic jumps with air flow under a rigid boundary, and John E. Simpson’s conveyor belt approach to investigate gravity currents.

Many further strategies to avoid, compensate, or correct scale effects and to improve model–prototype similarity have been used, such as experimental and numerical scale series to quantify scale effects and to develop upscaling methods, distorted models in sediment transport, cavitation tunnels to investigate cavitation, the replacement of water with another fluid such as air, and the experimental exploitation of the Reynolds number invariance and self-similarity.

This Special Issue is dedicated to such scaling and model strategies in hydraulics. It aims to present research papers, reviews (state of the art), and case studies of novel, innovative, and/or non-standard laboratory strategies to model complex fluid flows and to improve model–prototype similarity by overcoming scale effects. I am looking forward to receiving original and innovative contributions of high quality.

Dr. Valentin Heller
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • alternative model approaches
  • experimental fluid dynamics
  • Froude scaling
  • model effects
  • model distortion
  • model–prototype similarity
  • physical hydraulic modelling
  • Reynolds number invariance
  • scale effects
  • scale series

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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