Special Issue "(Paleo)oceanographic Dynamics, Sedimentary Processes, and Ecosystem Response to a Continuously Changing Mediterranean Hydroclimate"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Oceans and Coastal Zones".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. George Kontakiotis
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, School of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Geology and Geoenvironment, Department of Historical Geology-Paleontology, Athens, Greece
Interests: paleoceanography; geochemistry; climate changes; sedimentology; marine geology; Mg/Ca paleothermometry; planktonic foraminifera; basin analysis; sapropels; coastal and open marine systems; SST–SSS reconstructions; environmental stressors in marine sedimentary basins; hydrocarbon generation potential; and marine sediment dynamics
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Dr. Stergios D. Zarkogiannis
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3AN, UK
Interests: paleoceanography; oceanography; marine carbonate chemistry; marine biomineralization; marine biogeochemical cycles of trace elements and isotopes; sedimentology; marine geology; coastal geomorphology; coastal engineering; architecture
Prof. Dr. Assimina Antonarakou
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Geology and Geoenvironment, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15784 Athens, Greece
Interests: paleoclimatology; paleoceanographic proxies; micropaleontology; integrated stratigraphy; marine geology; ocean dynamics; sea-level changes; marginal seas; astronomical frequencies in paleoclimates; extreme geological events
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The tendency toward climate change has been one of the most surprising outcomes of the study of Earth history. Over the last decades, considerable interest has arisen in the role of the subtropical oceans in climate change and, in particular, oceanic sub-basins and marginal seas, which are often more responsive to paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic changes than the global oceans because of their smaller size and partial isolation. As an example, the small volume of the Mediterranean Sea, compared with ocean basins, causes changes in its climate that can be recorded virtually instantaneously in palaeoceanographic and sedimentological proxy data, such as stable isotopes and geochemical ratios, as well as microfossil abundances. Marine geological dynamics, such as sea-level changes, environmental parameters, sedimentary cyclicity, and climate are strongly related through a direct exchange between the oceanographic and atmospheric systems. Moreover, anthropogenic activities affect the natural evolution by changing both the seawater environmental parameters and the ratio between terrigenous and marine sediments, which is further reflected in the marine biota.

This Special Issue aims to provide an overview of the interplay of all these processes across a variety of settings (coastal to open marine) and timescales (early Cenozoic to modern). Among the priorities are the hydroclimate reconstructions using integrated geochemical and/or paleontological proxies measured from different Mediterranean sub-basins. We also encourage contributions outlining the applications of novel state-of-the-art techniques that provide important information on this topic.

Dr. George Kontakiotis
Dr. Stergios D. Zarkogiannis
Prof. Dr. Assimina Antonarakou
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • impact of climate change in open marine and coastal ecosystems
  • environmental stressors on Mediterranean (paleo)archive
  • biomonitoring advances in recent and holocene marine ecosystems
  • marine sediment cores and outcrops as evidence of climate variation over time
  • water quality and ecological aspects (species richness, diversity) of aquatic ecosystems
  • natural and human (e.g., ocean acidification, water pollution, abnormal foraminiferal types) environmental stressors in marine sedimentary basins
  • anthropogenic impacts on coastal marine environments
  • invasive alien species in the Mediterranean sea
  • orbital sedimentary cyclicity (e.g., sapropels, diatomites) and relationship with climate
  • changes in hydrodynamics, sediment dynamics, and biotic response to climate-induced extreme geological events (e.g., MSC, MMCO, PETM) within the Mediterranean basin
  • state-of-the-art geochemical (e.g., TEX86, Uk’37, Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca, Na/Ca, Δ47) and paleontological (e.g., corals, foraminifera, nannofossils, otoliths, bivalves, speleothems) proxies to reconstruct environmental parameters (e.g., SST, SSS)
  • relative sea level change, coastal vulnerability, and geomorphological/paleogeographical reconstructions
  • bio-cyclostratigraphic correlations towards the paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic evolution of the Mediterranean Sea
  • remote sensing applications and climate modeling

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle
Otolith Fingerprints and Tissue Stable Isotope Information Enable Allocation of Juvenile Fishes to Different Nursery Areas
Water 2021, 13(9), 1293; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13091293 - 04 May 2021
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Integrated otolith chemistry and muscle tissue stable isotope analyses were performed to allocate juvenile Diplodus puntazzo and Diplodus vulgaris to nurseries in the Adriatic Sea. Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) was used to quantify the concentrations of chemical elements in [...] Read more.
Integrated otolith chemistry and muscle tissue stable isotope analyses were performed to allocate juvenile Diplodus puntazzo and Diplodus vulgaris to nurseries in the Adriatic Sea. Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) was used to quantify the concentrations of chemical elements in the otoliths. Fish muscle samples were analysed for δ13C and δ15N. In general, Ba/Ca and Sr/Ca ratios and isotopes varied between sites and species. Values of δ13C and δ15N were significantly different between species and sites. Multivariate analysis detected a significant difference in the element signature between species while there was no evidence for a significant interaction for sites. A clear pattern across the four groups of interest, D. puntazzo_Estuary > D. vulgaris_Estuary > D. puntazzo_Coastal > D. vulgaris_Coastal, following decreases in δ13C, and increases in δ15N were found. It seems that these species are feeding on the same local food web within more productive estuarine site while at costal site, feeding segregation among investigated species is evident. Both species were re-allocated correctly to the estuarine waters based on the otolith chemistry and stable isotopes information and higher value of δ15N. Combining otolith chemistry with tissue isotope ratios of juvenile fish provided complementary information on nursery habitat use at different spatial scales and elucidated ecological and environmental linkages. Full article
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