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Special Issue "Advances in Groundwater and Surface Water Monitoring and Management"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2019.
Tel. +39 0544 937318
Interests: hydrogeology; groundwater and transport modelling; saline aquifer; hydrogeochemistry; integrated coastal and water management
Tel. +39 0544 937357
Interests: coastal hydrogeology; coastal management; salinization; high resolution electrical resistivity tomography (ERT); sustainable water management; agro-ecosystems; remote sensing
Interests: quantitative structural geology and geomechanics with special interest in fracture and fault mechanics; petrophysical characterization and fluid flow modelling in fractured reservoirs and aquifers; coastal zone hydrology and hydrogeology; relationships between surface water and groundwater; effects of water quality on vegetation
This Special Issue on “Advances in Groundwater and Surface Water Monitoring and Management” invites papers presenting the recent developments and progress in water monitoring, and those discussing the sustainable management of groundwater and surface water resources.
The quality and quantity of water resources can be affected by several natural and anthropic factors, and in the near future there will be increasing competition for water amongst uses and users. It is well known that climate change (CC) will also exacerbate these tensions and will increase uncertainty about good quality water availability and demand in the future. Monitoring water availability, withdrawals, and consumption enables the use of mechanisms to promote improved allocation between users and uses, as well as sustainable water management solutions for its more effective storage and conservation. Similarly, water quality data are needed in order to support decision making on health and environmental issues and to address the appropriate management of these water.
In this context, the development and implementation of novel technologies and approaches of water monitoring is fundamental in order to reduce time and cost, and to allow for early warning and rapid response to events (such as floods, surface and ground water contaminations, etc.), as well as to promote sustainable practices for water storage and conservation.
This Special Issue will include research on surface water and groundwater monitoring via different assessment methods, focusing on the recent advancement in water quality monitoring (i.e., contaminants of emerging concern CECs in surface water, groundwater salinization, isotopes, etc.), the use of innovative water monitoring technologies for in-situ and on-line real time measurements, and pioneering sustainable management practices able to mitigate CC effects on surface water and groundwater. We invite you to submit papers that involve innovative methods to deal with the continuous-timed monitoring of water, real-time applications, groundwater and surface water interactions, agro-ecosystem approaches for storage and conservation, and any other innovative solutions to achieve a comprehensive understanding of the quality and quantity of water resources.
We also welcome theoretical and applied analyses about monitoring methods, procedures, and integrated approaches involving both analytical and numerical solutions for data processing. We are particularly open to contributions that demonstrate novel developments and applications in any step of water monitoring and sustainable management, in different geographic and climatic contexts, both at national and local scales. Studies reporting the application of remote sensing techniques are also encouraged.
Dr. Beatrice M. S. Giambastiani
Dr. Nicolas Greggio
Prof. Marco Antonellini
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- water monitoring
- groundwater and surface water interaction
- water resources assessment
- groundwater and surface water storage and conservation
- groundwater and surface water in agro-ecosystem
- innovative technologies
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Monitoring and modelling interactions between the Montagna dei Fiori aquifer and the Castellano stream (Central Apennines, Italy)
Alberto Tazioli 1, Nicolò Colombani 1, Stefano Palpacelli 1, Micòl Mastrocicco 2,* and Torquato Nanni 1
1 SIMAU, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche 12, 60131 Ancona, Italia
2 DiSTABiF, Università della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Via Vivaldi 43, 81100 Caserta, Italia
* Correspondence: [email protected]
Abstract: Groundwater is the most used water resource around the world, but due to population growth and climate changes the alluvial lowland aquifers have been often already polluted and over-exploited in intensively inhabited regions like the Mediterranean area. Thus, more and more frequently water managers try to find groundwater for drinking purposes in mountain regions, even if the drilling costs are much more expensive than in alluvial settings. Nevertheless, indiscriminate pumping in upland regions could lower the water table and affect springs and streams baseflow discharge. For this reason, it is necessary to provide a robust conceptual model of the stream/aquifer exchanges at the watershed scale and an integrated water resources management became pivotal. In this study we present a monitoring and modelling approach that allowed to locate and quantify the exchange fluxes between the Montagna dei Fiori fractured aquifer and the Castellano stream which is fed by the aquifer. Continuous monitoring of flow discharge and temperature during an entire hydrological year (2018-2019) in two monitoring stations along the stream allowed to discriminate between the baseflow and the run-off components. Then, a numerical flow model using MODFLOW-2005, was set up at the entire watershed scale. The numerical model was built up using information from hydrogeological and geomechanical surveys, borehole logs and pumping tests performed appositely for this project. Since in the Montagna dei Fiori aquifer there is a lack of monitoring wells and the only active pumping wells are the one drilled for this project, the model was calibrated using the daily baseflow fluxes observed in the Castellano stream (hydrological year 2018-2019), instead of the classical piezometric heads monitoring network usually employed in lowland alluvial aquifers. After the sensitivity analysis performed with PEST, the recharge was found to be the most uncertain parameter followed by hydraulic conductivity zonation and specific storage. Besides, the anisotropy due to the compressive faults system exerted a non-negligible effect on groundwater heads and main flow directions. The calibrated model was then used to perform scenarios on the drawdown induced by using different pumping rates. The aim of this study was to show that it is possible to implement and calibrate complex numerical groundwater flow models also in mountain regions which are often affected by scarce heads monitoring data, by using hydrogeological and geomechanical surveys and daily stream discharge rates. This is a key aspect, since in mountain regions groundwater monitoring networks are usually lacking due to deep groundwater table and the associated high drilling costs.
Keywords: Continuous stream monitoring; fractured aquifer; model calibration; drinking water resources; integrated water management