Research on Soil and Water Conservation and Vegetation Restoration

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Soil and Water".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 October 2024 | Viewed by 805

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
Interests: soil erodibility mechanism; soil physics; soil degradation assessment; soil erosion; soil conservation
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Qinling Ecological Intelligent, Monitoring and Protection, School of Ecology and Environment, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710129, China
Interests: ecological hydrology; grassland ecology; soil erosion; carbon sequestration
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Welcome to this essential Special Issue focusing on soil and water conservation, alongside vegetation restoration—a nexus central to environmental resilience. We are committed to dissecting and mitigating soil erosion's effects, driving successful ecological restorations, and contextualizing the sweeping reach of climate change.

Our Special Issue showcases cutting-edge, peer-reviewed contributions that illuminate these critical areas. Soil erosion stands as a pressing yet understated challenge, eroding our vital topsoil—the pillar of food security, water purity, and ecological equilibrium. Internationally, restorative projects rise to counteract this degradation and preserve our aquifers, crucial in an era where climate trends intensify weather extremes and jeopardize soil and hydrologic stability.

Within these pages, we would like to investigate soil erosion’s mechanisms and instigators, spanning natural elements to anthropogenic pressures like farming, development, and extraction. This Special Issue will offer comprehensive assessments of varied ecological restoration endeavors, delineating methodologies, results, and strategic recommendations. Furthermore, it will discuss the ecological repercussions of restoration, scrutinizing soil health indicators, biodiversity impacts, and broader water system and climate modulation effects.

Our aim is clear: to cast light on the cohesive strategies necessary for overcoming the complex tribulations of soil and water depletion and vegetative decline. We strive to galvanize a united drive among scientists, field experts, and policymakers to sustainably cultivate symbiotic relationships with our natural world.

We are confident the research and dialogues herein will significantly enrich scholarly debate and spark pivotal initiatives to protect our planet's foundational resources for future eras.

Prof. Dr. Bin Wang
Dr. Yu Liu
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • soil erosion
  • watershed management
  • ecological restoration
  • soil and water practices
  • soil quality
  • climate change

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

19 pages, 7043 KiB  
Article
Research on the Impact of Using a Combination of Rigid and Flexible Vegetation on Slope Hydrological Properties in Loess Regions
by Hu Tao, Fucui Wang, Xi Shi, Shilong Bu, Ziming Bao, Dezhi Zhang and Lifeng Xiong
Water 2024, 16(8), 1140; https://doi.org/10.3390/w16081140 - 17 Apr 2024
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Abstract
Slope vegetation is a key component of soil erosion control. Rigid vegetation improves slope stability, while flexible vegetation reduces water velocity, and the combination of both improves erosion resistance; however, there are few studies on how the combination of rigid and flexible vegetation [...] Read more.
Slope vegetation is a key component of soil erosion control. Rigid vegetation improves slope stability, while flexible vegetation reduces water velocity, and the combination of both improves erosion resistance; however, there are few studies on how the combination of rigid and flexible vegetation affects the hydraulic characteristics of slope flow. In order to investigate the effect of this combination on the hydraulic characteristics of slopes, a mathematical model of the coefficient of resistance under the cover of rigid–flexible vegetation was established by using theoretical analysis and indoor tests, and the indoor tests were conducted with different rigid–flexible vegetation combinations (single-row interlocking (IS), double-row interlocking (IT), upstream rigid–downstream flexible (RF), and bare slope (BS)). The results showed that the rigid–flexible vegetation combination had a significant effect on the slope water flow. With the increase in flow, the water depth and flow velocity of slope flow showed an increasing trend, the flow velocity of the bare slope was significantly larger than that of the vegetation-covered slope, and the value of the water depth increment of the vegetation-covered slope was 0.086~0.22 times that of the bare slope. The Reynolds number showed a good linear increasing relationship with flow rate, and with the gradual increase in flow rate and slope, the flow pattern gradually changed from slow flow to fast flow. When the slope was 2°, the drag coefficient increased and then decreased. The pattern of erosion reduction capacity was IS > RF > IT > BS. The results of this study provide strong theoretical support for understanding the mechanism of vegetation-controlled erosion and provide scientific guidance for optimizing vegetation design in the Loess Plateau region. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research on Soil and Water Conservation and Vegetation Restoration)
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