Special Issue "Particulate matter exposure and health effects"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2018
Dr. Pasquale Avino
Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Food Sciences (DiAAA), via F. De Sanctis, I-86100 Campobasso, Italy
Interests: environmental chemistry; life sciences; analytical chemistry; atmosphere; public health; Personal exposure
During these last years, the World Health Organization (WHO) has repeatedly raised the alarm about the close relationship between exposure to particulate matter (PM) and premature deaths worldwide. This alarm is as much stronger as the particle diameter are small, even submicrometer or ultrafine particles (UFPs) (< 100 nm). Further, the topic is even more complicated because PM is a very complex mixture of hazard compounds adsorbed on it and liquid droplets that get into the air (reactions in heterogeneous phase). The size of particles is directly linked to their potential for causing health problems. Once inhaled, these particles can affect the heart and lungs and cause serious health effects (e.g., premature death in people with heart or lung disease, irregular hearthbeat, asthma, decreased lung function, irritation of the airways, coughing or difficulty breathing), especially in sensitive sub-populations, such as newborns, infants, and older adults.
This Special Issue would like to deepen the relatioship between exposure to PM, particularly submicrometer and UFPs, and the aim of understanding the mechanisms allowing the rise in hearth/pulmonary pathologies. The use of models to assess both lung depositions and the risks related to exposure is welcome, as well as studies performed outdoor or indoor (both residential or working/industrial).
Prof. Pasquale Avino
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Particulate matter
- Ultrafine particle
- Human health effect
- Deposition model