Special Issue "Occurrence, Fate and Environmental Risk Assessment of the Organic Microcontaminants in Groundwater"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 April 2021.
Anthropogenic activities influence the groundwater chemical status. Organic microcontaminants are a real threat to groundwater because even in low concentrations can negatively affect human health. Emerging contaminants in the water environment have been of growing concern in recent years. The most popular substances are persistent organic pollutants (POPs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), pesticides, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, residues of which occur in both surface water and groundwater. Among the main sources of these substances are insufficient sewage treatment and landfill leachates. In spite of low concentrations of PPCPs in water samples, these compounds constitute a threat to living organisms due to their potential for bioaccumulation. Some of the microcontaminants are also included in the group of endocrine-disrupting chemicals that affect the function of the hormonal system. In this regard, pharmaceuticals and personal care products are hazardous for human health since their residues are occasionally detected in drinking water. Due to the fact that compounds of this type may affect groundwater to a varying degree, it is advisable to assess the risk of groundwater using various available methods, both field and modeling.
Dr. Dominika Dabrowska
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Toxics is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- organic microcontaminants
- environmental risk assessment
- groundwater monitoring
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: USE OF PLANT PROTECTION PRODUCTS IN LOMBARDY - ITALY AND THE RISK FOR THE INGESTION OF CONTAMINATED WATER
Authors: Rosa Mercadante1, Beatrice Dezza1, Teresa Mammone2, Angelo Moretto2,3*, Silvia Fustinoni1,4
Affiliation: 1-EPIGET - Epidemiology, Epigenetics, and Toxicology Lab, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy 2-International Centre for Pesticides and Health Risk Prevention (ICPS) ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, Milano, Italy 3-Department of Biomedical and Clinical SciencesUniversità degli Studi di Milano 4-Environmental and Industrial Toxicology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano, Italy. *Present address: Department of Cardio-Thoraco-Vascular and Public Health Sciences Università degli Studi di Padova, Italy
Abstract: Pesticides used to protect agricultural crops may contaminate groundwater. This work aimed to identify the number and amount of pesticides used in Lombardy, Italy in 2016, to assess the risk for health associated with the intake of drinkable water in the adult population. Data of agricultural areas, pesticides sold and concentrations of pesticides in the groundwater were obtained from databases of regional and national bodies. Lombardy agricultural area is 980,112 h, mainly cultivated with cereals (74%). In 2016 approximately 4,200 pesticides (135,000 q), containing 412 active substances (31,000 q) were sold. Out of the 10 best-sold active substances, 6 were herbicides. There were 8,173 groundwater contamination measurements in 397 municipalities, monitoring 32 active substances of which 5 belonging to the best-sold substances. The environmental quality standards were exceeded in 2% of these measurements, with a risk for health associated with the intake of contaminated water in the adult population typically ranging between 10-3 and 10-4. A large number and amount of active substances were sold in Lombardy, but only a minor part was included in the official controls of groundwater. For measured active substances, the contamination of groundwater indicated an irrelevant risk for the adult’s population.