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Transportation Safety Management: Perspectives for Sustainability

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Transportation".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (22 March 2022) | Viewed by 13151

Special Issue Editors


E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Department of Transport Systems and Traffic Engineering, Faculty of Transport and Aviation Engineering, Silesian University of technology, 40-019 Katowice, Poland
Interests: traffic management; traffic safety; AI methods for management; road tunnel safety
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Department of Heating, Ventilation and Dust Removal Technology, Faculty of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Silesian University of technology, Gliwice 44-100, Poland
Interests: fire safety; fire ventilation; safety management; road tunnel safety
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The Special Issue, “Transportation Safety Management: Perspectives for Sustainability”, is focused on keeping the required safety level for different aspects of sustainable transportation. Transport safety and sustainable transportation are both very important issues, but cannot be regarded in contradiction. Nowadays, new technologies and ideas generate new solutions for transportation, but new threats also appear. Identifying and suppressing them are big challenges for both researchers and practitioners. Thus, the Special Issue should draw the attention of scientists and transportation decision makers. Works related to increasing the safety level of sustainable transportation are welcome.

Sustainable transportation is a term covering many aspects of technology, management, and policy. For instance, the considered area extends from using dedicated smartphone apps to completely rearranging the urban traffic by building urban road tunnels. Social and environmental impacts should also be considered. Some of the proposed ideas may require changes in travelers’ behavior. Recent technological developments have resulted in new solutions, whose far-reaching effects are not yet fully grasped. This can pose a situation of unawareness of some threats. As the matter is complex, many interdependences need to still be revealed. One should keep in mind that technical and management approaches are bound together and are both equally important.

Therefore, this Special Issue, “Transportation Safety Management: Perspectives for Sustainability”, welcomes papers covering the detailed solutions, wide area systems, or theoretical models of the discussed problems, which will finally lead to increasing the safety levels of modern sustainable transportation.

Topics covered in the Special Issue include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • sustainable transportation
  • transportation safety and transportation safety management
  • formal methods and models of safety issues for sustainable transportation
  • emerging solutions of safety issues for sustainable transportation
  • transportation safety policies
  • new challenges of transportation safety

Prof. Aleksander Król
Prof. Małgorzata Król
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • sustainable transportation
  • transportation safety
  • emerging solutions in transportation
  • transportation policies
  • safety management
  • transportation management

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

14 pages, 264 KiB  
Article
Traffic Safety Policies for Saudi Women: Attitudinal Analysis
by Wafaa Shoukry Saleh and Maha M. A. Lashin
Sustainability 2022, 14(17), 10544; https://doi.org/10.3390/su141710544 - 24 Aug 2022
Viewed by 1003
Abstract
In this study, we investigated the current Saudi traffic safety policies and how they are perceived by Saudi women in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study was based on using a survey to define and calculate two sets of specific indicators, namely [...] Read more.
In this study, we investigated the current Saudi traffic safety policies and how they are perceived by Saudi women in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study was based on using a survey to define and calculate two sets of specific indicators, namely the Perceived Effectiveness Index (PEI) and the Commendation Index (CI), representing, respectively, the perception and acceptance of road traffic safety. The survey, which was conducted on a sample of Saudi women in Riyadh, demonstrated a high level of support for the ongoing road safety policies amongst the respondents, bringing to the fore some country-specific indications such as the low relevance of pedestrian crossing policies. The study aimed to contribute to an understanding of the specific gender aspects of transportation policies and their perception amongst the female population in Saudi Arabia to enable an understanding of the entire context of ongoing reforms in the Kingdom at various political, cultural, and societal levels. Our study, therefore, reveals potential strengths and provides an interdisciplinary contribution by drawing on the relevant literature in the field of travel behaviour and traffic safety policies and their perception amongst women. Saudi women’s attitudes towards 17 safety policies, including engineering, enforcement, education, and legislation policies, were examined. The policies were carefully designated to be practical and possible to implement. The analysis and assessment of the results obtained by the two indicators shed light on the participants’ acceptance, and hence their willingness, to cope with road safety policies, should they be implemented. The findings of this study showed that Saudi women’s attitudes to road safety policies were very positive; in particular, they showed sound support for enforcement policies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transportation Safety Management: Perspectives for Sustainability)
10 pages, 1915 KiB  
Article
Influence of Light Wavelengths on Visibility in Smoke during a Tunnel Fire
by Natalia Koch, Adam P. Niewiadomski and Paweł Wrona
Sustainability 2021, 13(21), 11599; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111599 - 20 Oct 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1817
Abstract
The occurrence of fire in road tunnels poses high risks to the life and health of people. The resulting smoke, fire gases and high temperatures can be the cause of poisoning and burns. Additionally, dense smoke can significantly reduce visibility, which can result [...] Read more.
The occurrence of fire in road tunnels poses high risks to the life and health of people. The resulting smoke, fire gases and high temperatures can be the cause of poisoning and burns. Additionally, dense smoke can significantly reduce visibility, which can result in difficulties during evacuation. This paper aims to investigate the effect of specific wavelengths of visible light on visibility in smoke conditions and to determine the wavelength of light (colour) that can improve visibility in smoke-filled environments. A rubber mixture with polyester and polyamide spacers was selected as a combustible material in order to obtain more realistic conditions with respect to smoke parameters. These plastics are commonly used, among others, in tires, elements of engine plating, upholstery or truck trailer covers. Then, in a test fire chamber laboratory, the colour of light (wavelength) was determined, obtaining the highest transmittance value, understood as the amount of radiation transmitted through the substance. It has been shown that devices emitting a light wave of a specific length can significantly improve visibility in smoke-filled environment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transportation Safety Management: Perspectives for Sustainability)
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9 pages, 1986 KiB  
Article
Potential of Small Culverts as Wildlife Passages on Forest Roads
by Hsiang-Ling Chen, Erin E. Posthumus and John L. Koprowski
Sustainability 2021, 13(13), 7224; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137224 - 28 Jun 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2349
Abstract
Roads and traffic can cause animal mortality. Specifically, roads serve as barriers by impeding animal movement, resulting in demographic and genetic consequences. Drainage structures, such as culverts, can provide linkages between habitat patches. However, the potential of small culverts with diameters of <60 [...] Read more.
Roads and traffic can cause animal mortality. Specifically, roads serve as barriers by impeding animal movement, resulting in demographic and genetic consequences. Drainage structures, such as culverts, can provide linkages between habitat patches. However, the potential of small culverts with diameters of <60 cm (e.g., wildlife passages that facilitate movement on forest roads) are relatively unknown. In this study, we used trail cameras to monitor the use of 14 small culverts, by mammals, along forest roads on Mt. Graham, home of the critically endangered Mt. Graham red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis), in southeastern Arizona, USA. From 2011 to 2013, we only recorded 20 completed road crossings through culverts. More than half of culvert uses were by striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis), followed by the rock squirrel (Spermophilus variegatus) and the bobcat (Lynx rufus). The Mt. Graham red squirrel was the only species that was common along the roads, but never crossed the roads. Culverts with higher usages were characterized by shorter culvert lengths and absence of accumulated soil inside the culverts. Our study shows that small-dimension drainage systems may provide alternative pathways for wildlife crossing roads, especially for slow moving and ground dwelling species. However, the potential of small culverts assisting wildlife crossings can only be maximized when culverts are accessible year-round. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transportation Safety Management: Perspectives for Sustainability)
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23 pages, 5938 KiB  
Article
Analysis of Pedestrian–Motor Vehicle Crashes in San Antonio, Texas
by Khondoker Billah, Hatim O. Sharif and Samer Dessouky
Sustainability 2021, 13(12), 6610; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126610 - 10 Jun 2021
Cited by 17 | Viewed by 4233
Abstract
Pedestrian safety is becoming a global concern and an understanding of the contributing factors to severe pedestrian crashes is crucial. This study analyzed crash data for San Antonio, TX, over a six-year period to understand the effects of pedestrian–vehicle crash-related variables on pedestrian [...] Read more.
Pedestrian safety is becoming a global concern and an understanding of the contributing factors to severe pedestrian crashes is crucial. This study analyzed crash data for San Antonio, TX, over a six-year period to understand the effects of pedestrian–vehicle crash-related variables on pedestrian injury severity based on the party at fault and to identify high-risk locations. Bivariate analysis and logistic regression were used to identify the most significant predictors of severe pedestrian crashes. High-risk locations were identified through heat maps and hotspot analysis. A failure to yield the right of way and driver inattention were the primary contributing factors to pedestrian–vehicle crashes. Fatal and incapacitating injury risk increased substantially when the pedestrian was at fault. The strongest predictors of severe pedestrian injury include the lighting condition, the road class, the speed limit, traffic control, collision type, the age of the pedestrian, and the gender of the pedestrian. The downtown area had the highest crash density, but crash severity hotspots were identified outside of the downtown area. Resource allocation to high-risk locations, a reduction in the speed limit, an upgrade of the lighting facilities in high pedestrian activity areas, educational campaigns for targeted audiences, the implementation of more crosswalks, pedestrian refuge islands, raised medians, and the use of leading pedestrian interval and hybrid beacons are recommended. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transportation Safety Management: Perspectives for Sustainability)
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16 pages, 3270 KiB  
Article
Should We Expect a Disastrous Fire Accident in an Urban Road Tunnel? Literature Data Review and a Case Study for Selected Tunnels in Poland
by Krystian Szewczyński, Aleksander Król and Małgorzata Król
Sustainability 2021, 13(11), 6172; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116172 - 31 May 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2509
Abstract
Urban road tunnels are a reasonable remedy for inconvenience due to congested road traffic. However, they bring specific threats, especially those related to the possibility of fire outbreak. This work is a case study for selected urban road tunnels. Considering tunnel specificity, road [...] Read more.
Urban road tunnels are a reasonable remedy for inconvenience due to congested road traffic. However, they bring specific threats, especially those related to the possibility of fire outbreak. This work is a case study for selected urban road tunnels. Considering tunnel specificity, road traffic intensity, and structure and based on the literature data for vehicle fire probability, the chances of a fire accident were estimated for selected tunnels in Poland. It was shown that low power tunnel fires could be expected in the 10–20-year time horizon. Although such threats cannot be disregarded, tunnel systems are designed to cope with them. The chances of a disastrous fire accident were estimated as well. Such events can occur when an HGV with flammable goods or a tanker are involved. Such accidents are fortunately very rare, but, on the other hand, that is the reason why the available data are scanty and burdened with high uncertainty. Therefore, a discussion on the reliability of the obtained results is also provided. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transportation Safety Management: Perspectives for Sustainability)
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