Special Issue "Multidisciplinary Approaches for Sustainable Management of Coastal Areas"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Resources and Sustainable Utilization".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2022 | Viewed by 1681

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Maurizio Polemio
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Italian National Research Council-Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection (CNR-IRPI) Via Amendola 122/I, Bari 70126, Italy
Interests: groundwater management; seawater intrusion; groundwater monitoring
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Rosanna De Rosa
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences (DiBEST), University of Calabria (UNICAL), Via P. Bucci, 15B-87036 Arcavacata di Rende(CS), Italy
Interests: volcanology; petrology and geochemistry of volcanic rocks; environmental geochemistry
Dr. Carmine Apollaro
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences (DiBEST), University of Calabria (UNICAL), Via P. Bucci, 15B-87036 Arcavacata di Rende(CS), Italy
Interests: environmental geochemistry; origin and evolution of fluids in geothermal areas; isotopic geochemistry; water–rock interaction
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Rocco Dominici
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences (DiBEST), University of Calabria (UNICAL), Via P. Bucci, 15B-87036 Arcavacata di Rende(CS), Italy
Interests: sedimentology; field geology; geological mapping; stratigraphy; quaternary geology; marine geology; hydrogeology; sediment transport; coastal geomorphology
Dr. Giovanni Vespasiano
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences (DiBEST), University of Calabria (UNICAL), Via P. Bucci, 15B-87036 Arcavacata di Rende(CS), Italy
Interests: origin and evolution of fluids in geothermal areas; water geochemistry; isotopic geochemistry; environmental geochemistry; geothermobarometry; water-rock interaction; coastal management
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Giuseppe Cianflone
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences (DiBEST), University of Calabria (UNICAL), Via P. Bucci, 15B-87036 Arcavacata di Rende(CS), Italy
Interests: hydrostratigraphy; hydrogeology; coastal management; engineering geology; remote sensing

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The main scope of this Special Issue (SI) of Sustainability is to explore and evaluate both innovative and long-validated approaches applied for the hydrostratigrapic and geochemical characterization of coastal areas.

As is already well known, the sustainable development and management of coastal plains has received significant attention worldwide during the last few decades. Coastal areas and coastal plains are suffering the adverse consequences of hazards related to geological processes, climate change, and sea-level rise. The impact is worsened by increasing human-induced pressure due to land-use and hydrological changes, including reclamation works, embankments, dams, and overexploitation of groundwater. In most Mediterranean coastal areas, one of the main problems associated to governance is the overexploitation of groundwater to meet the growing population demand which increases the effect of salinization processes, subsidence, and/or flood damages. In fact, many coastal plains worldwide are affected by land subsidence phenomena, which often involve inhabited areas, causing conspicuous economic costs.

Specifically, this Special Issue aims to provide an opportunity to gather and promote peer-reviewed studies utilizing multidisciplinary geological and geochemical approaches in terms of hydrostratigraphy, water and gas geochemistry, isotopic composition, and both classical and geostatistical elaboration of major and trace constituents (including toxic elements such as Cr, Ni, As, Cd, and Hg), and study of ground subsidence- and groundwater-related problems, including numerical modelling experience.

The mean goal of this Special Issue is to cover, without being limited to the following areas:

  • Sedimentology and Stratigraphy of late Pleistocene–Holocene coastal plains;
  • Hydrostratigraphic framework reconstruction;
  • Hydrogeological modeling;
  • Hydrogeochemical characterization: sampling techniques of water and gas, new and/or standard analytical methods for trace elements and elaboration approaches;
  • Geostatistical analysis;
  • Stable and radioactive isotopes studies;
  • Environmental issues/impacts (also due to harmful levels of trace elements) linked to water resource exploitation and management;
  • Geochemical modeling;
  • Analysis of ground deformation by means of satellite remote sensing and subsidence assessment.

Dr. Maurizio Polemio
Prof. Rosanna De Rosa
Dr. Carmine Apollaro
Dr. Rocco Dominici
Dr. Giovanni Vespasiano
Dr. Giuseppe Cianflone
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • coastal plain stratigraphy
  • hydrostratigraphic framework
  • hydrogeological modeling
  • hydrogeochemical characterization
  • geostatistical approach
  • stable and radioactive isotopes
  • major, trace, and toxic elements
  • residence time of water
  • heavy metal distribution
  • water exploitation and management
  • environmental issues in coastal areas
  • land subsidence
  • remote sensing

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
Different Ground Subsidence Contributions Revealed by Integrated Discussion of Sentinel-1 Datasets, Well Discharge, Stratigraphical and Geomorphological Data: The Case of the Gioia Tauro Coastal Plain (Southern Italy)
Sustainability 2022, 14(5), 2926; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14052926 - 02 Mar 2022
Viewed by 605
Abstract
Groundwater is the main water supply for agricultural and industrial needs in many coastal plains worldwide. Groundwater depletion often triggers land subsidence, which threatens manmade infrastructure and activities and aggravates other geohazards. We applied a multi-temporal interferometric synthetic aperture radar technique to Sentinel-1 [...] Read more.
Groundwater is the main water supply for agricultural and industrial needs in many coastal plains worldwide. Groundwater depletion often triggers land subsidence, which threatens manmade infrastructure and activities and aggravates other geohazards. We applied a multi-temporal interferometric synthetic aperture radar technique to Sentinel-1 datasets to detect ground motion in the Gioia Tauro plain (Calabria, Southern Italy) from 2018 to 2021. The InSAR data were analysed through the integrated use of groundwater head, stratigraphical and geomorphological data, and land use information to distinguish the potential subsidence divers. The results show that subsiding areas, with a mean rate of about 10 mm/yr, are in the middle of the plain, and their location is influenced by the spatial distribution of compressible sediments included in the shallow aquifer. Furthermore, the subsidence arrangement is spatially accordant with the main groundwater depression area, which can be ascribed to the ongoing and increasing water pumping for predominantly agricultural usage. We also observed that subsidence (up to 10 mm/yr) affects the western dock of the Gioia Tauro harbour, in front of which, in very shallow water, are two submarine canyon heads already affected by slides in the past. Full article
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Article
GIS and AHP Based Groundwater Potential Zones Delineation in Chennai River Basin (CRB), India
Sustainability 2022, 14(3), 1830; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031830 - 05 Feb 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 476
Abstract
Groundwater depletion is one of the most critical concerns for users and policymakers. Identifying groundwater potential (low to high) helps properly plan the available groundwater resource. This study has used the possibilities of a geographical information system (GIS), remote sensing and, of course, [...] Read more.
Groundwater depletion is one of the most critical concerns for users and policymakers. Identifying groundwater potential (low to high) helps properly plan the available groundwater resource. This study has used the possibilities of a geographical information system (GIS), remote sensing and, of course, field data to delineate the groundwater potential zones in the Chennai River Basin (CRB). Thematic layers generated for eleven controlling factors, such as geology, water level, drainage, soil, lineament, rainfall, land use, slope, aspect, geomorphology, and depth to bedrock, were brought into the GIS environment. Then, appropriate weightage was given to each layer using a multi-criteria decision-making technique, namely, the analytic hierarchical process (AHP). A groundwater potential map is generated using weighted overlay analysis, with the following five classes: very poor, poor, moderate, good, and very good. The results were comparable to the actual specific yield data from the field and accuracy was 78.43%. Thus, AHP-aided GIS–RS mapping is a useful tool in groundwater prospecting in this region of the world. Full article
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