sustainability-logo

Journal Browser

Journal Browser

Engineering Disaster Prevention and Mitigation: Challenges to Civil Infrastructure Sustainability

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Engineering and Science".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2024 | Viewed by 3246

Special Issue Editors

School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 614202, China
Interests: impact and dynamics; protective structure; structural seismic resistance

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Civil engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China
Interests: steel structure; impact and protection; building industrialization and information technology; protective structures
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON 61350, Canada
Interests: blast and impact; UHPFRC; high-performance steel; FEM
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
College of Architecture and Urban-Rural Planning, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
Interests: mechanical behavior of cold-formed steel and CFST; structural seismic resistance; protective structure

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In many cases, the great progress made in civil engineering technology is often the result of struggles with various natural or human-made disasters. As the scale of global engineering infrastructure continues to increase, disaster prevention and mitigation during the construction and operation periods are receiving more and more attention. In recent years, strong earthquakes have occurred frequently all over the world, leading to a large number of buildings, bridges, and tunnels being destroyed; moreover, the damage to infrastructure owing to secondary disasters caused by earthquakes, such as geological disasters, fires, and tsunamis, cannot be ignored. In addition, more frequent historic extreme climates seriously challenge the sustainability of existing structures and are therefore seen as a new type of engineering disaster. At the same time, due to the increasing tension in the global political situation, current and potential wars have posed a great threat to various engineering structures. Therefore, the ability of civil infrastructures to defend against military strikes, which can be treated as artificial disasters, has also become the focus of engineers. Therefore, it is very necessary to upgrade and improve the theory and technology of engineering disaster prevention and mitigation.

In this Special Issue, we are looking for papers related to innovative achievements from the different perspectives of engineering disaster prevention and mitigation. The guest editors cordially welcome high-quality papers focusing on, but not limited to, the following topics:

  • Theoretical and technical progress in disaster prevention and mitigation forecasting;
  • Engineering disaster investigation and statistical analysis;
  • Disaster chain simulation and inversion;
  • Disaster resistance performance and design method of infrastructure (i.e., earthquakes, fires, geological hazards, blasts);
  • Theory and technology of geological disaster protection;
  • Novel protective structures;
  • Sustainability of engineering structures under extreme climates;
  • Engineering disaster monitoring, early warning, and control technology;
  • Emergency rescue and engineering reinforcement;
  • The application of intelligent technology in disaster prevention and mitigation.

We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Dr. Hu Xu
Prof. Dr. Zhixiang Yu
Dr. Yang Li
Dr. Chang Yang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • civil engineering
  • infrastructure
  • earthquake
  • geohazard
  • protective structure
  • disaster mitigation
  • structural resilience
  • fragility analysis
  • disaster resistance performance

Published Papers (2 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

16 pages, 7147 KiB  
Article
Study on Dynamic Damage of Crash Barrier under Impact Load of High-Speed Train
by Kun Qian, Guanhan Wang, Hongsheng Ma and Hailing Zeng
Sustainability 2024, 16(8), 3147; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16083147 - 10 Apr 2024
Viewed by 528
Abstract
The derailment of a high-speed train in a tunnel will cause a very serious accident, but there are few research articles on anti-collision facilities in tunnels. In order to promote the sustainable development of high-speed trains and reduce the severity of accidents caused [...] Read more.
The derailment of a high-speed train in a tunnel will cause a very serious accident, but there are few research articles on anti-collision facilities in tunnels. In order to promote the sustainable development of high-speed trains and reduce the severity of accidents caused by derailment in tunnels of high-speed trains, this paper puts forward a crash barrier scheme in tunnels through the method of numerical simulation; the coupling finite element model of train–crash barrier–tunnel is established by using ABAQUS. The changes in lateral velocity and lateral displacement after the train hits the crash barrier without embedding steel bars are explored. We also explore the influence of different reinforcement amounts on the changes in the lateral speed and lateral displacement of trains under the condition of embedding steel bars. The results show that with the increase in stirrups and vertical reinforcement, the anti-impact and sustainable operation capability of the crash barrier are greater. It can also be seen from the lateral displacement of the train that the train shows the reverse movement trend, and the crash barrier plays a good role in intercepting the train. These research results can provide a reference for the sustainable development of transportation infrastructure construction. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

19 pages, 15129 KiB  
Article
Safety Evaluation of Plain Concrete Lining Considering Deterioration and Aerodynamic Effects
by Feng Lu, Yi Wang, Junfu Fu, Yanxing Yang, Wenge Qiu, Yawen Jing, Manlin Jiang and Huayun Li
Sustainability 2023, 15(9), 7170; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15097170 - 25 Apr 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1272
Abstract
With an increase in the service time of high-speed railway tunnels, various defects caused by construction-quality defects in the secondary lining begin to appear. How to evaluate the safety of such tunnels and take countermeasures is very important for the safe operation of [...] Read more.
With an increase in the service time of high-speed railway tunnels, various defects caused by construction-quality defects in the secondary lining begin to appear. How to evaluate the safety of such tunnels and take countermeasures is very important for the safe operation of tunnels. Based on the load-structure method and a numerical simulation, this paper studied the short-term and long-term safety of the missing section of anti-crack reinforcement mesh in the plain concrete lining of a high-speed railway mountain tunnel. The short-term safety evaluation considered the influence of negative pressure caused by aerodynamic effects. The long-term safety evaluation considered the combined influence of the surrounding rock and concrete deterioration and the negative pressure and concrete fatigue damage caused by aerodynamic effects. The results showed that under the negative pressure generated by aerodynamic effects, the minimum tensile safety factor of the lining in the defective section increased by 3.8%, while the minimum compressive safety factor of the lining decreased by 7.9%. The negative pressure generated by the aerodynamic effects had little impact on the short-term safety of the lining in the defective section. During the long-term safety evaluation, the overall safety of the defective section decreased significantly, and the minimum tensile and minimum compressive safety factors of the lining decreased by 59.4% and 66.8%, respectively. The calculation results for the initial design do not meet the long-term design requirements and cannot guarantee the long-term safe operation of the tunnel. Finally, two new strengthening methods of galvanized steel mesh-short bolts and galvanized corrugated steel plate-short bolts were proposed to strengthen the defective section of the concrete lining, so as to improve the ultimate bearing capacity and toughness of the plain concrete lining structure. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop