Nanomaterials in Green Analytical Chemistry

A special issue of Separations (ISSN 2297-8739). This special issue belongs to the section "Materials in Separation Science".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2022) | Viewed by 10442

Special Issue Editors


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Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Interests: hyphenated techniques and mass spectrometry; atomic spectrometry techniques; speciation analysis; sample pretreatment techniques; chemometrics
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Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Regional Campus of International Excellence “Campus Mare Nostrum”, University of Murcia, E-30100 Murcia, Spain
Interests: microplastics; pollutants; recycling; environment; food; chromatography; mass spectrometry; thermal analysis
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Guest Editor
Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Interests: analytical chemistry; sample preparation; HPLC; extraction techniques; microextraction; green analytical chemistry; method validation; method development; GC; GC-MS; volatiles; SPME; metals; nutrients; toxic metals; rare earths; automation; ICP-AES; ICP-MS
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Sample preparation and pretreatment procedures increasingly demand the use of powerful and, if possible, universal materials for extraction, microextraction, purification, fractionation, and other separations procedures. In biological, food, environmental, and many other types of samples, the sample preparation step, besides being crucial for the overall performance of the analysis, remains critical, also because of the production of several wastes. Therefore, the employment of environmentally friendly and low-quantity materials has become popular in numerous analytical methods aiming to target analytes, including metals, biomolecules, metabolites, and organic pollutants. Nanomaterials can further assist the development of green analytical chemistry in this sense.

For this Special Issue, we invite submissions of original research articles or reviews reporting on the current advances in analytical method development and applications of nanomaterials of all types, including graphene, carbon nanotubes, ceramic, metallic materials, metal organic frameworks, magnetic nanostructures, and other nanocomposites, in sample preparation and in all kinds of separation techniques.

Prof. Dr. George Zachariadis
Dr. Rosa Peñalver
Dr. Natalia Manousi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • green analytical methods
  • nanomaterials
  • nanotubes
  • graphene
  • metal organic frameworks
  • sample treatment
  • microextraction
  • preconcentration
  • magnetic
  • dispersive
  • solid phase

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

14 pages, 2714 KiB  
Article
Mussel Inspired Polydopamine as Silica Fibers Coating for Solid-Phase Microextraction
by Antonella Aresta, Stefania R. Cicco, Danilo Vona, Gianluca Maria Farinola and Carlo Zambonin
Separations 2022, 9(8), 194; https://doi.org/10.3390/separations9080194 - 27 Jul 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1642
Abstract
Commercial solid-phase microextraction fibers are available in a limited number of expensive coatings, which often contain environmentally harmful substances. Consequently, several different approaches have been used in the attempt to develop new sorbents that should possess intrinsic characteristics such as duration, selectivity, stability, [...] Read more.
Commercial solid-phase microextraction fibers are available in a limited number of expensive coatings, which often contain environmentally harmful substances. Consequently, several different approaches have been used in the attempt to develop new sorbents that should possess intrinsic characteristics such as duration, selectivity, stability, and eco-friendliness. Herein we reported a straightforward, green, and easy coating method of silica fibers for solid-phase microextraction with polydopamine (PDA), an adhesive, biocompatible organic polymer that is easily produced by oxidative polymerization of dopamine in mild basic aqueous conditions. After FT-ATR and SEM characterization, the PDA fibers were tested via chromatographic analyses performed on UHPLC system using biphenyl and benzo(a)pyrene as model compounds, and their performances were compared with those of some commercial fibers. The new PDA fiber was finally used for the determination of selected PAHs in soot samples and the results compared with those obtained using the commercial PA fiber. Good reproducibility, extraction stability, and linearity were obtained using the PDA coating, which proved to be a very promising new material for SPME. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials in Green Analytical Chemistry)
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13 pages, 1737 KiB  
Article
Automated Solid Phase Extraction of Cd(II), Co(II), Cu(II) and Pb(II) Coupled with Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Utilizing a New Sol-Gel Functionalized Silica Sorbent
by Natalia Manousi, Abuzar Kabir, Kenneth G. Furton, George A. Zachariadis and Aristidis Anthemidis
Separations 2021, 8(7), 100; https://doi.org/10.3390/separations8070100 - 8 Jul 2021
Cited by 16 | Viewed by 3257
Abstract
In this study a simple and sensitive on-line sorbent extraction platform coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry for trace metals determination was developed. The system utilized for the first time a novel sol-gel thiocyanatopropyl functionalized silica as adsorbent for metal’s separation and preconcentration. [...] Read more.
In this study a simple and sensitive on-line sorbent extraction platform coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry for trace metals determination was developed. The system utilized for the first time a novel sol-gel thiocyanatopropyl functionalized silica as adsorbent for metal’s separation and preconcentration. The main factors affecting the performance of the on-line system were investigated and optimized. The effect of potential interfering species that occur naturally in environmental and biological samples, as well as some toxic elements, was evaluated. Under optimum conditions the enhancement factors ranged between 73 and 152 for the target analytes. The LODs of the proposed methods were 0.15 μg L−1 for Cd(II), 0.5 μg L−1 for Co(II), 0.5 μg L−1 for Cu(II) and 1.9 μg L−1 for Pb(II) for 120 s preconcentration time. The relative standard deviation values for all elements were less than 3.8%, indicating good method precision. Moreover, the sol-gel thiocyanatopropyl functionalized silica-packed microcolumns exhibited limited flow resistance and excellent packing reproducibility. Finally, the proposed method was utilized for the analysis of environmental and biological samples. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials in Green Analytical Chemistry)
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8 pages, 815 KiB  
Article
Monitoring of Remaining Thiophenic Compounds in Liquid Fuel Desulphurization Studies Using a Fast HPLC-UV Method
by Vasiliki Kapsali, Konstantinos Triantafyllidis, Eleni Deliyanni and Victoria Samanidou
Separations 2021, 8(4), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/separations8040048 - 11 Apr 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2645
Abstract
Thiophenic compounds constitute a class of sulfur compounds derived by thiophene, containing at least one thiophenic ring. Their presence in fuels (crude oil, etc.) is important and can reach 3% m/m. The combustion of fuels leads to the formation of sulfur oxides a [...] Read more.
Thiophenic compounds constitute a class of sulfur compounds derived by thiophene, containing at least one thiophenic ring. Their presence in fuels (crude oil, etc.) is important and can reach 3% m/m. The combustion of fuels leads to the formation of sulfur oxides a severe source of environmental pollution issues, such as acid rain with adverse effects both to humans and to the environment. To reduce such problems, the EU and other regulatory agencies worldwide set increasingly stringent regulations for sulfur content in fuels resulting in the necessity for intense desulphurization processes. However, most of these processes are inefficient in the total removal of sulfur compounds. Therefore, thiophenic compounds such as benzothiophenes and dibenzothiophenes are still present in heavier fractions of petroleum, therefore, their determination is of great importance. Until now, all HPLC methods applied in similar studies use gradient elution programs that may last more than 25 min with no validation results provided. To fill this gap, the aim of the present study was to develop and validate a simple and fast HPLC-UV method in order to be used as a useful monitoring tool in the evaluation studies of novel desulfurization technologies by means of simultaneous determination of dibenzothiophene (DBT) and 4,6-dimethyl-dibenzothiophene and dibenzothiophene sulfone in the desulfurization effluents. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials in Green Analytical Chemistry)
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9 pages, 39568 KiB  
Article
Statistical Models of the Distribution of Chemical Elements in Precambrian Rocks of the Siberian Craton
by Alexander Kravchenko, Boris Gerasimov, Evgeniy Loskutov, Alexander Okrugin, Larisa Galenchikova and Vasily Beryozkin
Separations 2021, 8(3), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/separations8030023 - 25 Feb 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1775
Abstract
Natural chemical systems are an excellent object for studying the properties of various elements. The most diverse and informative geological complexes are crystalline rocks of the Precambrian. These rocks are exposed near the northern and southern margins of the Siberian craton. The chemical [...] Read more.
Natural chemical systems are an excellent object for studying the properties of various elements. The most diverse and informative geological complexes are crystalline rocks of the Precambrian. These rocks are exposed near the northern and southern margins of the Siberian craton. The chemical composition of rocks, the contents of impurity elements, and metals were studied by us using chemical and spectral analysis methods. Microprobe studies were performed. Using regression and multivariate statistical methods of analysis, the regularities of the distribution of chemical elements were found. It is shown that the distribution of precious metals and carbon dioxide in rocks is attributed to their chemical properties and comparable with close in-chemical properties’ rock-forming elements. It is found that the factor analysis reflects the uniform regularities of the distribution of elements in different regions and rocks. These regularities are similar on macro and micro levels. Comparison of the distribution patterns with the results of geochemical and petrological studies of other authors shows the leading role of the redox potential and acidity of the environment in the formation of rocks and minerals. The role of mathematical statistics for solving problems of chemical petrology and chemical systems analysis is underlined. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials in Green Analytical Chemistry)
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