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Special Issue "Magnetic Sensing System"

A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220). This special issue belongs to the section "Physical Sensors".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 September 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Shin Yabukami
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering, Tohoku University 6-6-05 Aoba, Sendai, 980-8579, Japan
Interests: magnetic field sensor; thin film permeability measurement; biomagnetic sensor; evaluation of bacteria

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues, 

Because magnetic sensors can measure physical information through wireless technology, they are applicable for various uses. In this Special Issue on "Magnetic Sensing Systems", the basic research study of magnetic sensors and related applications will be reported, such as power electronics including motors, the magnetic storage system, bio-medical applications, Internet of Things or non-destructive tests or energy harvest.

Prof. Dr. Shin Yabukami
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sensors is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • magnetic sensors
  • biosensing system
  • energy harvest
  • health care
  • Internet of Things
  • non-destructive test

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Harmonic Distortion Optimization for Sigma-Delta Modulators Interface Circuit of TMR Sensors
Sensors 2020, 20(4), 1041; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20041041 (registering DOI) - 14 Feb 2020
Abstract
The tunneling magnetoresistance micro-sensors (TMR) developed by magnetic multilayer material has many advantages, such as high sensitivity, high frequency response, and good reliability. It is widely used in military and civil fields. This work presents a high-performance interface circuit for TMR sensors. Because [...] Read more.
The tunneling magnetoresistance micro-sensors (TMR) developed by magnetic multilayer material has many advantages, such as high sensitivity, high frequency response, and good reliability. It is widely used in military and civil fields. This work presents a high-performance interface circuit for TMR sensors. Because of the nonlinearity of signal conversion between sensitive structure and interface circuit in feedback loop and forward path, large harmonic distortion occurs in output signal spectrum, which greatly leads to the reduction of SNDR (signal noise distortion rate). In this paper, we analyzed the main source of harmonic distortion in closed-loop detection circuit and establish an accurate harmonic distortion model in TMR micro-sensors system. Some factors are considered, including non-linear gain of operational amplifier unit, effective gain bandwidth, conversion speed, nonlinearity of analog transmission gate, and nonlinearity of polycrystalline capacitance in high-order sigma-delta system. We optimized the CMOS switch and first-stage integrator in the switched-capacitor circuit. The harmonic distortion parameter is optimally designed in the TMR sensors system, aiming at the mismatch of misalignment of front-end system, non-linearity of quantizer, non-linearity of capacitor, and non-linearity of analog switch. The digital output is attained by the interface circuit based on a low-noise front-end interface circuit and a third-order sigma-delta modulator. The digital interface circuit is implemented by 0.35μm CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) technology. The high-performance digital TMR sensors system is implemented by double chip integration and the active interface circuit area is about 3.2 × 2 mm. The TMR sensors system consumes 20 mW at a single 5 V supply voltage. The TMR sensors system can achieve a linearity of 0.3% at full scale range (±105 nT) and a resolution of 0.25 nT/Hz1/2(@1Hz). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Sensing System)
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