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Special Issue "Selected Papers from the 2020 IMEKO TC-4 International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage"

A special issue of Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220). This special issue belongs to the section "Sensing and Imaging".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Giovanni Leucci
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Istituto di Scienze del Patrimonio Culturale, Institute of Cultural Heritage Sciences and Sites (ISPC), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, National Research Council (CNR), 73100 Lecce, Italy
Interests: geophysics; GPR; ERT; magnetometry; seismic
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Marco Zanatta
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Physics, University of Trento, 38123 Povo, Italy
Interests: structure and dynamics of disordered systems; glasses; soft matter; neutron and X-ray scattering; Raman and Brillouin spectroscopy

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The 2020 IMEKO TC-4 International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (MetroArchaeo 2020, http://www.metroarcheo.com/) brings together researchers and operators in the enhancement, characterization, and preservation of archaeological and cultural heritage with the main objective of discussing production, interpretation, and reliability of measurements and data. The conference is conceived to foster exchanges of ideas and information, create collaborative networks, and update innovations on “measurements” suitable for cultural heritage for archaeologists, conservators, and scientists.

Dr. Giovanni Leucci
Dr. Marco Zanatta
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sensors is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Cultural heritage
  • Archeology
  • Metrology
  • Experimental techniques for cultural heritage
  • Sensors and data acquisition

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Article
Combining Integrated Informative System and Historical Digital Twin for Maintenance and Preservation of Artistic Assets
Sensors 2021, 21(17), 5956; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21175956 - 05 Sep 2021
Viewed by 448
Abstract
The protection of artistic and cultural heritage is a major challenge due to its peculiarities and its exposure to significant natural hazards. Several methodologies exist to assess the condition of artistic heritage and to protect it from exceptional actions. Moreover, novel digital technologies [...] Read more.
The protection of artistic and cultural heritage is a major challenge due to its peculiarities and its exposure to significant natural hazards. Several methodologies exist to assess the condition of artistic heritage and to protect it from exceptional actions. Moreover, novel digital technologies offer many solutions able to deliver a digital replica of artifacts of interest, so that a reduction in the uncertainties in the analysis models can be achieved. A rational approach to the preservation and protection of artistic heritage is based on traditional approaches supported and integrated by novel technologies, so that qualitative and quantitative indicators of the current condition of artistic heritage can be defined and validated in an interdisciplinary framework. The present paper reports the results of an approach to the maintenance and preservation of art objects housed in a museum complex based on a comprehensive digital path towards a Historical Digital Twin (HDT). A workflow aimed at estimating the stress regime and the dynamic properties of two sculptures, based on the detailed three-dimensional model resulting from a laser scanner survey, is illustrated and discussed. The results highlight the great advantages resulting from the integration of traditional and novel procedures in the field of conservation of artistic assets. Full article
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Article
Observing Thermal Conditions of Historic Buildings through Earth Observation Data and Big Data Engine
Sensors 2021, 21(13), 4557; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21134557 - 02 Jul 2021
Viewed by 739
Abstract
This study combines satellite observation, cloud platforms, and geographical information systems (GIS) to investigate at a macro-scale level of observation the thermal conditions of two historic clusters in Cyprus, namely in Limassol and Strovolos municipalities. The two case studies share different environmental and [...] Read more.
This study combines satellite observation, cloud platforms, and geographical information systems (GIS) to investigate at a macro-scale level of observation the thermal conditions of two historic clusters in Cyprus, namely in Limassol and Strovolos municipalities. The two case studies share different environmental and climatic conditions. The former site is coastal, the last a hinterland, and they both contain historic buildings with similar building materials and techniques. For the needs of the study, more than 140 Landsat 7 ETM+ and 8 LDCM images were processed at the Google Earth Engine big data cloud platform to investigate the thermal conditions of the two historic clusters over the period 2013–2020. The multi-temporal thermal analysis included the calibration of all images to provide land surface temperature (LST) products at a 100 m spatial resolution. Moreover, to investigate anomalies related to possible land cover changes of the area, two indices were extracted from the satellite images, the normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI) and the normalised difference build index (NDBI). Anticipated results include the macro-scale identification of multi-temporal changes, diachronic changes, the establishment of change patterns based on seasonality and location, occurring in large clusters of historic buildings. Full article
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Article
Modular MA-XRF Scanner Development in the Multi-Analytical Characterisation of a 17th Century Azulejo from Portugal
Sensors 2021, 21(5), 1913; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051913 - 09 Mar 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 826
Abstract
A modular X-ray scanning system was developed, to fill in the gap between portable instruments (with a limited analytical area) and mobile instruments (with large analytical areas, and sometimes bulky and difficult to transport). The scanner has been compared to a commercial tabletop [...] Read more.
A modular X-ray scanning system was developed, to fill in the gap between portable instruments (with a limited analytical area) and mobile instruments (with large analytical areas, and sometimes bulky and difficult to transport). The scanner has been compared to a commercial tabletop instrument, by analysing a Portuguese tile (azulejo) from the 17th century. Complementary techniques were used to achieve a throughout characterisation of the sample in a complete non-destructive approach. The complexity of the acquired X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectra, due to inherent sample stratigraphy, has been resolved using Monte Carlo simulations, and Raman spectroscopy, as the most suitable technique to complement the analysis of azulejos colours, yielding satisfactory results. The colouring agents were identified as cobalt blue and a Zn-modified Naples-yellow. The stratigraphy of the area under study was partially modelled with Monte Carlo simulations. The scanners performance has been compared by evaluating the images outputs and the global spectrum. Full article
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