Special Issue "Earth Observations for Biodiversity and Ecosystems of Mediterranean-Type Climate Regions"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (28 February 2022) | Viewed by 13713
Interests: application of geospatial tools to environmental decision making; areas of interest include ecosystem services; fire ecology; mediterranean-type ecosystems; species distribution modeling; invasive plant species; estimating conservation return on investment
Interests: remote sensing and GIS analysis of natural ecosystems—forests, rangelands; using geospatial tools and machine learning techniques to discern spatial and temporal patterns in natural ecosystems and how they are changing
Mediterranean-type climate regions are present in five areas of the world—the Cape Region of South Africa, southern California, central Chile, Southwest Australia, and the Mediterranean Basin. Characterized by warm dry summers and cool wet winters, these areas are known for high levels of biodiversity and provide valuable ecosystem services at local to global scales, including carbon storage, water runoff and recharge, erosion control, and recreation opportunities. However, despite their importance, they all experience stresses from rapid land-use change, urbanization, invasion of non-native species, increases in fire occurrence, and changing climates.
Mediterranean-type ecosystems have high spatial and temporal heterogeneity encompassing forests, shrublands, and annual and herbaceous perennial species: Diversity that is driven, in part, by natural disturbances such as fire. Remote sensing techniques provide an important contribution to our understanding of Mediterranean-type ecosystems and their dynamic nature, and contribute timely information to guide resource management. In this Special Issue, we illustrate how remote sensing can be used to classify vegetation of Mediterranean-type ecosystems, assess biomass and carbon storage, evaluate the recovery of vegetation post-fire, and monitor the success of restoration efforts to inform land management. In addition, we will highlight the use of geospatial techniques to monitor stresses including conversion from native shrubland to non-native grassland, expansion of urban areas into wildlands, and modification of species distributions associated with changing climates.
Dr. Emma C. Underwood
Mr. Charlie Schrader-Patton
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Estimating biomass and carbon storage
- Chaparral shrublands
- Fire regimes and fire severity
- Mapping changes in MTE communities
- Predicting species distributions
- Vegetation classification