Special Issue "Selected Papers from Spirituality in Healthcare Conference 2018 “Spirituality at a Crossroads”"

A special issue of Religions (ISSN 2077-1444).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 November 2018)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Kathleen Neenan

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Spirituality Interest Group, Trinity College Dublin, 24 D'Olier Street, Dublin 2, Ireland
Website | E-Mail
Interests: spirituality; caregivers, healthcare; mindfulness
Guest Editor
Prof. Vivienne Brady

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Spirituality Interest Group, Trinity College Dublin, 24 D'Olier Street, Dublin 2, Ireland
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Action Research, Women's Health and Maternity care, Reflective Practice as a Method to Advance Midwifery Knowledge, Models of Care and Hearing Voice spirituality
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Fiona Timmins

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Spirituality Interest Group, Trinity College Dublin, 24 D'Olier Street, Dublin 2, Ireland
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +35318963699
Interests: spirituality; healthcare education; professional Issues in nursing
Guest Editor
Prof. Wilf McSherry

1 Professor in Nursing, School of Health and Social Care, Staffordshire University, Blackheath Lane, Stafford, ST18 0AD, UK
2 The University Hospitals of North Midlands NHS Trust, Stoke-on-Trent and Stafford, England, UK
3 Part-time Professor at VID University College, Norway
Website | E-Mail
Phone: 44 (0) 7983981931
Interests: dignity in care, spirituality and spiritual care, ageing and dementia

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue will focus on a range of papers aimed at exploring the concept of spirituality in healthcare.

  • The overall focus of the Special Issue will be to highlight presenters’ achievements at the fourth international conference hosted by the School of Nursing and Midwifery and Spirituality Research and Innovation Group, Trinity College Dublin on 21st June 2018. Presenters at the conference are invited to submit papers. This will enable them to elaborate on their oral presentations and disseminate their ideas to a wider audience.
  • The scope of the Special Issue will include narrative/discussion papers, research papers and innovations from across a range of disciplines.
  • This issue will contribute to existent literature on spirituality in healthcare.
  • All papers will be subject to peer review.

Submission

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously following peer review (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on the MDPI website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Religions is an international peer-reviewed Open Access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication (550 CHF) has been funded by institutions through Knowledge Unlatched, resulting in no direct charge to authors. English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.

Prof. Kathleen Neenan
Prof. Vivienne Brady
Prof. Dr. Fiona Timmins
Prof. Wilf McSherry
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a double-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Religions is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charges (APCs) of 550 CHF (Swiss Francs) per published paper are fully funded by institutions through the Knowledge Unlatched initiative, resulting in no direct charge to authors. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle The Role of Religious Behavior in Health Self-Management: A Community-Based Participatory Research Study
Religions 2018, 9(11), 357; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9110357
Received: 18 September 2018 / Revised: 29 October 2018 / Accepted: 8 November 2018 / Published: 13 November 2018
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Abstract
Prevalence of chronic disease, mental health problems, and risk behaviors in San Bernardino (SB) County reflect some of the worst health outcomes in the State of California and the United States. Using the Integrated Theory of Health Behavior Change (ITHBC) as the theoretical
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Prevalence of chronic disease, mental health problems, and risk behaviors in San Bernardino (SB) County reflect some of the worst health outcomes in the State of California and the United States. Using the Integrated Theory of Health Behavior Change (ITHBC) as the theoretical framework, this community-based participatory research (CBPR) study aimed to determine how religious self-regulation skills and ability, and religious behaviors, jointly affect health promotion behaviors among socio-economically challenged residents of southwest SB County, California. A convenience sample of adult residents (N = 261) completed a series of inventories to measure the relationship between modified ITHBC constructs of religious self-regulation skills, religious self-management behaviors, and health outcomes. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis was conducted to validate the strong positive effect of religious self-regulation skills and ability on how frequently individuals engage in both organized and non-organized religious activities. Results also indicated a significant positive impact of religious behaviors towards healthy eating behaviors. However, without the engagement in religious activities, high religious self-regulation skills and ability inhibited the likelihood of healthy food intake. This faith-related theoretical model provides an avenue for faith-based organizations’ capacity for contributing to community health promotion. Full article
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Open AccessArticle “Enablement”—Spirituality Engagement in Pre-Registration Nurse Education and Practice: A Grounded Theory Investigation
Religions 2018, 9(11), 356; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9110356
Received: 17 September 2018 / Revised: 19 October 2018 / Accepted: 7 November 2018 / Published: 13 November 2018
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Abstract
Historically, spirituality in nursing was considered a fundamental dimension, contributing to patients’ wellbeing. Accordingly, nurses are expected to attend to the spiritual needs of patients as a part of holistic nursing care, and pre-registration nurse education (that is undergraduate nurse education) has a
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Historically, spirituality in nursing was considered a fundamental dimension, contributing to patients’ wellbeing. Accordingly, nurses are expected to attend to the spiritual needs of patients as a part of holistic nursing care, and pre-registration nurse education (that is undergraduate nurse education) has a responsibility to equip them to fulfil this aspect of their role. However, the content of spirituality in nurse education programmes lack structure and consistency, hence further investigation into the value of such education and its transferability in clinical practice is needed. Data collection was by individual interviews with 13 pre-registration participants undertaking adult nursing between March 2012 and May 2014. Each interview was digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. Through theoretical sampling, data collection and analysis occurred in a cyclical manner until theoretical saturation/sufficiency was reached. The participants’ main concerns were: explaining spirituality, remembering spirituality education and content, and uncertainties about facilitating patients’ spiritual needs; these combine to form ‘having sufficient spirituality education to facilitate patients’ spiritual needs’. The substantive theory of ‘Enablement’ (make possible) was constructed to explain how the participants resolved their main concern. This investigation reveals how the participants acquire and translate spirituality education to practice, so realising holistic care. Full article
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Open AccessArticle Strategies Christian Nurses Use to Create a Healing Environment
Religions 2018, 9(11), 352; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9110352
Received: 19 September 2018 / Revised: 19 October 2018 / Accepted: 7 November 2018 / Published: 9 November 2018
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Abstract
From Nightingale forward, nursing has understood that interaction of person, nurse, and environment facilitates optimal outcomes. Yet, there remains a need for research on the paradigm concept of environment and creation of a healing environment. This classical, grounded theory study aimed to identify
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From Nightingale forward, nursing has understood that interaction of person, nurse, and environment facilitates optimal outcomes. Yet, there remains a need for research on the paradigm concept of environment and creation of a healing environment. This classical, grounded theory study aimed to identify (1) strategies Christian nurses used to create a healing environment and enhance well-being, (2) outcomes they perceived resulting from these strategies, and (3) factors they regarded as either enhancing or inhibiting the creation of the healing environments. A criterion-based, purposive sample of Christian nurses (N = 15) was interviewed between June 2013 and January 2014 until data saturation was reached. Data were analyzed using constant comparative methods in consultation with a grounded theory expert. “Charting the healing path,” the core category, consists of four phases: helping patients get better, fostering the healing environment, charting a healing path, and observing outcomes. The “charting the healing path” model informs development of the environment domain of nursing knowledge. Knowing the patient, the juncture of nurse and patient points of view, and the resultant nurse–patient partnership promote best potential outcomes to be realized incrementally during, and after, hospitalization. Full article
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Review

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Open AccessReview Spiritual Distress in Cancer Patients: A Synthesis of Qualitative Studies
Religions 2018, 9(10), 285; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9100285
Received: 21 August 2018 / Revised: 16 September 2018 / Accepted: 18 September 2018 / Published: 20 September 2018
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Abstract
Cancer affects individuals in all human dimensions. Cancer patients are more susceptible to spiritual distress. Several studies have addressed spiritual distress using quantitative designs; however, a qualitative approach to the experience of spiritual distress could provide a deeper understanding of the phenomenon. This
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Cancer affects individuals in all human dimensions. Cancer patients are more susceptible to spiritual distress. Several studies have addressed spiritual distress using quantitative designs; however, a qualitative approach to the experience of spiritual distress could provide a deeper understanding of the phenomenon. This study aims to synthesis the experience of spiritual distress as lived by cancer patients in qualitative primary studies. This is a literature review based on electronic databases search. A total of 4075 citations was identified and 23 studies were included. The most frequent qualitative research method was phenomenology (n = 15), and interviews were the main data collection method (n = 20). Two major themes have been identified related to the experience of spiritual distress: suffering and coping. Spiritual distress is an intimate, deep and suffering experience in life, which requires coping strategies and involves spiritual values and beliefs. Healthcare providers should be aware of this experience and recognize spiritual distress in cancer patients, as it is critical in providing holistic nursing care. Full article
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Open AccessReview Review and Characterization of Portuguese Theses, Dissertations, and Papers about Spirituality in Health
Religions 2018, 9(9), 271; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9090271
Received: 13 July 2018 / Revised: 10 August 2018 / Accepted: 5 September 2018 / Published: 11 September 2018
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Abstract
Research about spirituality has grown widely in the past decades and the interest in health care is also evident in Portugal. This literature review aims to identify and to characterize Portuguese theses, dissertations, and papers about spirituality in health, and to provide a
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Research about spirituality has grown widely in the past decades and the interest in health care is also evident in Portugal. This literature review aims to identify and to characterize Portuguese theses, dissertations, and papers about spirituality in health, and to provide a systematic overview of the knowledge concerning this subject. The search was conducted in February 2017 and updated in January 2018. Four independent reviewers screened and analyzed all citations, and a total of 76 results were included. Publications started in 2002 and include master degree dissertations (n = 37), scientific papers (n = 31), and PhD theses (n = 8). Papers were published in 24 national and international journals. Most papers were psychology- and nursing-related and had a quantitative design (n = 55). Samples were mostly composed of patients living with a chronic disease (n = 20) or elderly (n = 11). The Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire (SWBQ) was the most used tool. A multidisciplinary approach is regarded as foundational in implementing spirituality in the provision of health care and the results underline the interest on this topic from other disciplines rather than nursing. Further studies must provide a deeper understanding of spirituality in children, adolescents or families’ perspective bringing new insights to advanced health practice. Full article
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