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Religions 2018, 9(9), 271;

Review and Characterization of Portuguese Theses, Dissertations, and Papers about Spirituality in Health

Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Health, Institute of Health Sciences, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Palma de Cima, 1649-023 Lisbon, Portugal
CINTESIS—Center for Research in Health Technologies and Services, Escola Superior de Saúde de Santa Maria, 4049-024 Porto, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 July 2018 / Revised: 10 August 2018 / Accepted: 5 September 2018 / Published: 11 September 2018
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Research about spirituality has grown widely in the past decades and the interest in health care is also evident in Portugal. This literature review aims to identify and to characterize Portuguese theses, dissertations, and papers about spirituality in health, and to provide a systematic overview of the knowledge concerning this subject. The search was conducted in February 2017 and updated in January 2018. Four independent reviewers screened and analyzed all citations, and a total of 76 results were included. Publications started in 2002 and include master degree dissertations (n = 37), scientific papers (n = 31), and PhD theses (n = 8). Papers were published in 24 national and international journals. Most papers were psychology- and nursing-related and had a quantitative design (n = 55). Samples were mostly composed of patients living with a chronic disease (n = 20) or elderly (n = 11). The Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire (SWBQ) was the most used tool. A multidisciplinary approach is regarded as foundational in implementing spirituality in the provision of health care and the results underline the interest on this topic from other disciplines rather than nursing. Further studies must provide a deeper understanding of spirituality in children, adolescents or families’ perspective bringing new insights to advanced health practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: spirituality; health; literature review spirituality; health; literature review

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Romeiro, J.; Martins, H.; Pinto, S.; Caldeira, S. Review and Characterization of Portuguese Theses, Dissertations, and Papers about Spirituality in Health. Religions 2018, 9, 271.

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