Special Issue "Medication Wastage"

A special issue of Pharmacy (ISSN 2226-4787).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 February 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Derek Stewart

School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Robert Gordon University, Garthdee Road, Aberdeen AB10 7GJ, Scotland, UK
Website | E-Mail
Interests: research focuses on developing, implementing and evaluating models of care and the safe and effective use of medicines; specific areas of interest are around: non-medical prescribing; use of medicines in older people; medication safety; and medication wastage
Guest Editor
Dr. Lorna Marie West

Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Malta, Msida, Malta
Interests: beliefs about medicines; health beliefs; medication adherence; medication education; medication wastage; quality improvement measures in relation to enhanced value and wastage minimization in pharmacy processes

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The scope of this Special Issue is to consider medication wastage, not only as the stockpiling, by patients, of unused medication which will eventually expire, but also as a problem which goes beyond simply stockpiling. The issue of medication wastage pertains, not only to patients within households, but can even be prompted by healthcare professionals and is encountered in many settings, including community and hospital pharmacies, doctor clinics, as well as hospital wards, amongst others. Therefore, medication wastage should not be considered a problem of the individual, but should be regarded as an issue which effects the healthcare system and society as a whole. The repercussions of medication wastage are multiple and can include financial, environmental, and safety issues. Medication wastage reduction approaches should be adopted whenever possible to ensure sustainability of important but limited resources. However, such approaches face multiple challenges, and at times could be counterproductive if not thought out adequately.

We encourage you to present, within this Special Issue, your research, including reviews, in relation to behavior and practices leading to medication wastage and highlight successful medication wastage reduction approaches. Opinion papers are also welcome. It is our wish that this Special Issue instigates awareness about medication wastage amongst healthcare professionals, especially pharmacists, in all settings. Successful interventions could also be replicated or adapted by healthcare professionals to mitigate medication wastage whenever possible.

Prof. Dr. Derek Stewart
Dr. Lorna Marie West
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Pharmacy is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 550 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • expired medication
  • interventions
  • medication wastage
  • strategies
  • unused medication
  • wastage reduction
  • wastage minimization

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle Pharmacists’ Activities to Reduce Medication Waste: An International Survey
Received: 26 July 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2018 / Accepted: 23 August 2018 / Published: 29 August 2018
PDF Full-text (1394 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Aim: To identify activities that pharmacists undertake to reduce medication waste, and to assess the extent to which these activities are implemented, their importance for waste-reduction and feasibility for broad implementation. Methods: A two-phase survey was conducted among community and hospital pharmacists working
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Aim: To identify activities that pharmacists undertake to reduce medication waste, and to assess the extent to which these activities are implemented, their importance for waste-reduction and feasibility for broad implementation. Methods: A two-phase survey was conducted among community and hospital pharmacists working in different developed countries. Phase one used an open-ended questionnaire to identify activities undertaken by pharmacists. Answers were thematically analysed to construct a list of medication waste-reducing activities. In phase two, a questionnaire was disseminated among pharmacists from different countries, to assess if these activities are implemented (yes/no), their importance and feasibility (1 to 5 ranking scale). Results: In phase one, 53 pharmacists participated and 14 activities were identified. These were categorized into the pharmaceutical supply chain: prescribing, dispensing (pharmacy/patient-related) and leftover stage. In phase two, 89 pharmacists participated. Most activities were implemented by a minority of pharmacists. Reducing medication amounts in stock was most frequently implemented (dispensing stage pharmacy-related; 86%), followed by collecting unused medications (leftover stage; 77%) and performing a medication review (dispensing stage; 68%). Waste-reducing activities in the dispensing stage activities were both considered most important and feasible (ranked 4). Overall, most activities scored higher on importance than on feasibility. Conclusions: Pharmacists have various opportunities to reduce medication waste throughout the pharmaceutical supply chain, however, not all are broadly implemented. Pharmacists consider waste-reducing activities important, but they are less certain about the feasibility for implementation in practice. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medication Wastage)

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