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An Updated Perspective on Diet and Depression

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Nutritional Epidemiology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 July 2021) | Viewed by 5470

Special Issue Editor

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Guest Editor
Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
Interests: health risk assessment of people living near industrial areas and incinerators; work environment measurement and labor health risk assessment
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We are organizing a Special Issue on “An Updated Perspective on Diet and Depression” under the section of Nutritional Psychiatry in Nutrients.

Is our dietary pattern linked to our mental health? At present, the number of people with stress-induced cognitive vulnerabilities, mood disorders and psychiatric disorders will continue to rise globally over the coming decades. Exposure to unhealthy dietary behaviours during the prenatal, preschool, adolescents, adult and elderly stages may have effects on mental health across their whole life course. Evidence has shown that diet and nutrition have significant effects on mood and mental wellbeing. Solid scientific research is needed to explore the association between dietary pattern and cognitive performance. However, scientific findings have illustrated the unequivocal and inconsistent reasons which may be considered as part of the complex exposure of dietary pattern, poor methodological strategies, and multifactorial effect on psychiatric disorders etc. The previous research exploring the relationship between nutrition and mental health showed that a reduced risk of depression was associated with a healthy diet, defined as a high consumption of fruit, vegetables, fish and whole grains. This Special Issue is based on the interests: healthy dietary pattern associated with depression and mental disorders, food–mood connection, whole-of-diet intervention among the vulnerable population. Finally, food–mood connection in public health is not enough when it provides limited evidence on nutritional psychiatry. Nutritional policies on intervention, implementation of best practices to protect the vulnerable population, and measures to avoid cognitive dysfunction should all be more advanced, visible, and strengthened.

Prof. Dr. Hsien-Wen Kuo
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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  • Nutritional Psychiatry (Depression, Anxiety, Mental disorders, Dementia, Cognitive performance etc.)
  • Healthy dietary patterns (Mediterranean or anti-inflammatory diet )
  • Fruit and vegetable consumption
  • Food-mood connection
  • Vulnerable population (Early life, Adolescent, Elderly)
  • Whole-of-diet intervention

Published Papers (1 paper)

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17 pages, 752 KiB  
Feasibility and Acceptability of a Healthy Nordic Diet Intervention for the Treatment of Depression: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial
by Julia A. Sabet, Moa S. Ekman, A. Sofia Lundvall, Ulf Risérus, Ulrica Johansson, Åsa Öström, Viola Adamsson, Yang Cao, Mussie Msghina and Robert J. Brummer
Nutrients 2021, 13(3), 902; - 10 Mar 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 4931
Healthy diet interventions have been shown to improve depressive symptoms, but there is a need for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that are double blind and investigate biological mechanisms. The primary objectives of this randomized controlled pilot trial were to test the palatability of [...] Read more.
Healthy diet interventions have been shown to improve depressive symptoms, but there is a need for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that are double blind and investigate biological mechanisms. The primary objectives of this randomized controlled pilot trial were to test the palatability of the meals and the acceptability of the intervention in preparation for an 8-week RCT in the future, which will investigate whether a healthy Nordic diet improves depressive symptoms in individuals with major depressive disorder, and associated biological mechanisms. Depressed (n = 10) and non-depressed (n = 6) women and men were randomized to receive either a healthy Nordic diet (ND) or a control diet (CD) for 8 days. Participants were blinded to their diet allocation and the study hypotheses. Health questionnaires were completed before and after the intervention and, throughout the study, questionnaires assessed participants’ liking for the meals, their sensory properties, adherence, and open-ended feedback. In the ND group, 75% of participants consumed only the provided foods, as instructed, compared to 50% of CD participants. The meals of both diets, on average, received good ratings for liking and sensory properties, though the ND ratings were somewhat higher. Overall, results were positive and informative, indicating that the planned RCT will be feasible and well-accepted, with some proposed modifications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue An Updated Perspective on Diet and Depression)
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