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Nutritional Alterations, Interventions and Management of Eating Disorders

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Nutritional Epidemiology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 January 2024) | Viewed by 1748

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Surgery and Interdisciplinary Medicine, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca | UNIMIB, Milan, Italy
Interests: psychopathology; clinical assessment; psychotherapeutic processes; mental illness treatment; DSM; developmental psychopathology; child and adolescent psychiatry; clinical psychiatry; personality assessment
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Guest Editor
Department of Mental Health and Addiction, Fondazione IRCCS San Gerardo dei Tintori, Monza, Italy
Interests: eating; weight; mental health; biomarkers; treatment outcome

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Eating Disorders (EDs) represent a heterogeneous group of complex disorders, characterized by alterations in appetite and weight, together with distinctive behavioral and psychological characteristics. They are among the leading causes of illness and disability among young people and have both organic and psychological complications. As such, their management requires the synergistic and integrated work of a multidisciplinary team that can guarantee adequate psychological and nutritional interventions.

In fact, from a psychological point of view, EDs are characterized by specific alterations, including body image disturbance, emotional dysregulation, low self-esteem, difficulties in interpersonal relationships and a perfectionistic self-presentation, which may contribute to the onset and maintenance of these disorders. On the other hand, the medical sequelae of EDs may involve all systems and, although the gastrointestinal tract appears to be the most affected system, it is widely recognized that nutritional deficiencies, malnutrition and starvation impair the human immune system, especially affecting cell-mediated immunity.

In this Special Issue of Nutrients (Impact Factor: 6.706), we encourage the submission of papers (particularly original research and reviews) that contribute to the literature on the nutritional alterations, deficiencies, interventions and management related to EDs, with a special focus on the young population, including college students.

Prof. Dr. Antonios Dakanalis
Dr. Alice Caldiroli
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nutrients is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • eating disorders
  • nutritional interventions
  • nutritional management
  • nutritional deficiences
  • nutritional alterations
  • nutritonal status
  • diet
  • binge eating
  • malnutrition
  • starvation

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

15 pages, 942 KiB  
Article
The Impact of Clinical Factors, Vitamin B12 and Total Cholesterol on Severity of Anorexia Nervosa: A Multicentric Cross-Sectional Study
by Letizia Maria Affaticati, Massimiliano Buoli, Nadia Vaccaro, Francesca Manzo, Alberto Scalia, Sara Coloccini, Tommaso Zuliani, Davide La Tegola, Enrico Capuzzi, Monica Nicastro, Fabrizia Colmegna, Massimo Clerici, Antonios Dakanalis and Alice Caldiroli
Nutrients 2023, 15(23), 4954; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15234954 - 29 Nov 2023
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Abstract
Severe forms of Anorexia Nervosa (AN) are characterized by medical complications, psychiatric comorbidity, and high mortality. This study investigated potential associations between clinical/biological factors and the severity of AN, measured by the Body Mass Index (BMI). Red and white blood cells, hemoglobin, platelets, [...] Read more.
Severe forms of Anorexia Nervosa (AN) are characterized by medical complications, psychiatric comorbidity, and high mortality. This study investigated potential associations between clinical/biological factors and the severity of AN, measured by the Body Mass Index (BMI). Red and white blood cells, hemoglobin, platelets, iron, vitamins D and B12, folate, and total cholesterol were measured in a mixed sample of 78 inpatients and outpatients. Linear regressions and one-way analyses of variance (ANOVAs) were carried out to evaluate the relationship between BMI and clinical/biochemical variables. BMI was significantly lower in hospitalized patients (F = 4.662; p = 0.034) and in those under pharmacological treatment (F = 5.733; p = 0.019) or poly-therapy (F = 5.635; p = 0.021). Higher vitamin B12 (β = −0.556, p < 0.001), total cholesterol (β = −0.320, p = 0.027), and later age at onset (with a trend towards significance) (β = −0.376, p = 0.058) were associated with a lower BMI. Increased total cholesterol and vitamin B12, later age at onset, current pharmacological treatment, and poly-therapy might be distinctive in patients with a lower BMI. In clinical practice, these findings may contribute to the early identification of AN patients at higher risk of developing complicated or chronic forms of the disorder. Further studies on larger samples are needed to identify potential predictive factors of AN severity in the framework of precision medicine. Full article
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