Special Issue "Physical Activity and Chronic Diseases"

A special issue of Medicina (ISSN 1010-660X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Daniel Collado-Mateo
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Rey Juan Carlos University, Centre for Sport Studies
Interests: Physical activity, Physical exercise, Physical function, Fibromyalgia, Health-related quality of life, Virtual reality

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

It is widely known that physical activity can significantly affect many aspects of human health. Although the scientific literature about the beneficial effects of physical activity on patients with chronic diseases has remarkably grown, there are still some disparities and discrepancies on which levels or types of physical activity are the most adequate for each health condition. Furthermore, novel therapies, such as those based on virtual reality, may lead to larger benefits and also increase the adherence to and the participation in physical activity programs.

The current Special Issue of the journal Medicina, entitled “Physical Activity and Chronic Diseases” aims to collect high-quality articles focused on the effects of physical activity programs on different health parameters in chronically ill patients. Original, review, and meta-analyses studies in any subject area related to physical fitness and physical activity and their relationship with chronic diseases are welcome. We are particularly interested in randomized controlled trials comparing the effects of different types of physical exercise in chronic patients.

Prof. Dr. Daniel Collado-Mateo
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Medicina is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Physical activity
  • Physical exercise
  • Chronic disease
  • Pain
  • Health
  • Quality of Life
  • Physical fitness
  • Virtual reality
  • Parkinson’s disease

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Functional Mobility and Basic Motor Skills in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis and Its Relation to the Anthropometrical Status and Body Composition Parameters
Medicina 2019, 55(12), 773; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55120773 - 04 Dec 2019
Abstract
Background and objectives: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have many potential risk factors (spasticity, immobilization, glucocorticoids use) which can deteriorate the anthropometrical status and body composition and may have a potential negative impact on functional mobility and basic motor skill improvement after [...] Read more.
Background and objectives: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have many potential risk factors (spasticity, immobilization, glucocorticoids use) which can deteriorate the anthropometrical status and body composition and may have a potential negative impact on functional mobility and basic motor skill improvement after physiotherapy. The aim of the study was to assess the functional mobility and basic motor skills in patients with MS and to correlate them with disability and anthropometrical status and body composition parameters. Materials and Methods: Timed Up-and-Go Test (TUG) and six-min walk test (6MWT) were performed in 36 patients with MS before and after 4 weeks of physiotherapy. Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (W/HtR), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were assessed in this group. Body composition was evaluated by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and fat mass (FAT), fat free mass (FFM), total body water (TBW), and predicted muscle mass (PMM) were expressed as percentage of body mass. Clinical status was assessed by Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and Ambulatory Index (AI) scales. Results: After physiotherapy, there was a significant improvement in functional mobility and basic motor skills assessed by total distance in 6MWT (p < 0.001) and in TUG trials (p < 0.001). Positive significant correlations were found between the results obtained in both tests (either before and after physiotherapy) vs. FFM, TBW, and PMM, whilst worse results in functional mobility and basic motor skills correlated significantly with higher WHtR, WHR, and FAT (p < 0.05). Clinical status (EDSS) was significantly related to the WHtR and body composition parameters with the same manner as the results in the either 6MWT and TUG. However, there were no significant relationships between BMI vs. either clinical status (EDSS, AI) or functional mobility tests results in patients with MS. Conclusions: Functional mobility and basic motor skills may be significantly improved during physiotherapy, but they are related to the anthropometrical status and body composition of MS patients. Moreover, disability status is also significantly related to these parameters. Body composition deterioration seems to be the important target for the therapeutic intervention in MS patients. For proper nutritional status assessment in patients with MS, body composition analysis or WHtR instead BMI should to be used. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Chronic Diseases)
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