Special Issue "Temporomandibular Disorders: Current and Future Concepts in Diagnosis and Management"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2023 | Viewed by 1428
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a group of musculoskeletal and neuromuscular conditions affecting the masticatory muscles, the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and the other associated structures.
The etiology of TMD has been accepted as multifactorial, including biologic, environmental, social, emotional, and cognitive triggers.
The diagnosis should be performed according to the Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (DC/TMD) Axis I, which allow clinicians to classify the TMD in muscle disorders or intra-articular disorders, including disc displacement, arthralgia, arthritis, and arthrosis. In TMJ-disorder patients, imaging exams can be required for proper diagnosis, including conventional radiology, cone beam computer tomography (CBCT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
In recent decades, rehabilitative approaches have been investigated as the first-line treatment for TMD, including physical therapy, occlusal splints, laser therapy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), pharmacological drugs, TMJ injections, extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT), and oxygen-ozone therapy.
However, there is still a gap in knowledge regarding the diagnosis and treatment of TMD.
In the present Special Issue, we aim to present evidence on the efficacy of conservative approaches to pain relief in TMD patients.
Dr. Martina Ferrillo
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- temporomandibular disorders
- temporomandibular joint disorders
- myofascial pain
- physical therapy
- magnetic resonance imaging
- cone beam computer tomography
- occlusal splint
- laser therapy