Marine Biodegradable Polymers

A special issue of Marine Drugs (ISSN 1660-3397).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2018) | Viewed by 23916

Special Issue Editor

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent years, there has been increasing interest in marine pollution owing to several microplastics. One of the possible solutions to this problem is focused on the application of biodegradable plastics. However, there are very few studies on the biodegradation of plastics and polymers, especially in seawater or marine environment. With the opening of this Special Issue, “Marine Biodegradable Polymers”, we are planning to produce a strong, and very exciting issue that will encompass breakthroughs on highly valuable, scientific, and industrial research in this field.

Dr. Hitoshi Sashiwa
Prof. Dr. David Harding
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Marine Drugs is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Biodegradable polymer
  • Bio-base polymer
  • Marine degradable plastics
  • Microplastics
  • Enzymatic degradation

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Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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11 pages, 4286 KiB  
Article
Microbial Degradation Behavior in Seawater of Polyester Blends Containing Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBHHx)
by Hitoshi Sashiwa, Ryuji Fukuda, Tetsuo Okura, Shunsuke Sato and Atsuyoshi Nakayama
Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(1), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16010034 - 17 Jan 2018
Cited by 68 | Viewed by 7657
Abstract
The microbial degradation behavior of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBHHx) and its compound with several polyesters such as poly(butylene adipate-co-telephtharate) (PBAT), poly(butylene succinate) (PBS), and polylactic acid (PLA) in seawater was tested by a biological oxygen demand (BOD) method. PHBHHx showed excellent [...] Read more.
The microbial degradation behavior of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBHHx) and its compound with several polyesters such as poly(butylene adipate-co-telephtharate) (PBAT), poly(butylene succinate) (PBS), and polylactic acid (PLA) in seawater was tested by a biological oxygen demand (BOD) method. PHBHHx showed excellent biodegradation in seawater in this study. In addition, the biodegradation rate of several blends was much influenced by the weight ratio of PHBHHx in their blends and decreased in accordance with the decrement of PHBHHX ratio. The surface morphology of the sheet was important factor for controlling the biodegradation rate of PHBHHx-containing blends in seawater. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Biodegradable Polymers)
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Review

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25 pages, 45158 KiB  
Review
Chitosan-Based Composite Materials for Prospective Hemostatic Applications
by Zhang Hu, Dong-Ying Zhang, Si-Tong Lu, Pu-Wang Li and Si-Dong Li
Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(8), 273; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16080273 - 4 Aug 2018
Cited by 199 | Viewed by 15019
Abstract
Effective hemostasis is vital to reduce the pain and mortality of patients, and the research and development of hemostatic materials are prerequisite for effective hemostasis. Chitosan (CS), with good biodegradability, biocompatibility and non-toxicity, has been widely applied in bio-medicine, the chemical industry, the [...] Read more.
Effective hemostasis is vital to reduce the pain and mortality of patients, and the research and development of hemostatic materials are prerequisite for effective hemostasis. Chitosan (CS), with good biodegradability, biocompatibility and non-toxicity, has been widely applied in bio-medicine, the chemical industry, the food industry and cosmetics. The excellent hemostatic properties of CS have been extensively studied. As a result, chitosan-based composite hemostatic materials have been emerging. In this review, the hemostatic mechanism of chitosan is briefly discussed, and then the progress of research on chitosan-based composite hemostatic materials with multiple forms such as films, sponges, hydrogels, particles and fibers are introduced. Finally, future perspectives of chitosan-based composite hemostatic materials are given. The objective of this review is to provide a reference for further research and development of effective hemostatic materials. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Biodegradable Polymers)
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